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Borobudur Temple

Candi Borobudur in Magelang is a biggest Buddhist monument in the world, shaped stupa and was built by the followers of Mahayana Buddhism. Beginning construction of the year 770 AD and finished the year 825 AD by the Sailendra dynasty in Java under the Srivijaya empire.

Candi Borobudur has the most complete collection of relief in the world of Buddhist architecture, the monument consists of six rectangular terraces and topped with three circular courtyard. The entire surface of the walls decorated at least 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.

Tinuku Travel Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Travel.Tinuku.com Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Tinuku Travel Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Travel.Tinuku.com Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

In essence, Borobudur is a giant stupa which when viewed from above form a great Mandala pattern. Mandala is an intricate pattern that is composed is square and concentric circles that symbolize the cosmos or universe commonly found in Wajrayana-Mahayana Buddhist sectarianism.

Ten courtyard describe clearly the philosophy of Mahayana which simultaneously illustrates the concept of the universe cosmology, as well as the level of the mind in Buddhism. Like a book, Borobudur described ten levels of Bodhisattva who must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha.

Basic sketch of the square measuring 123 meters (404 ft) on each side. The building has nine terraces, six terraces of square bottom and the top three circular terraces. In 1885 accidentally discovered hidden in the structure of the base and has relief tells Karmawibhangga.

In this panel reliefs are carved characters which is guide for the engraver to create a scene in relief images. Original foot enclosed by the addition of stone structure that form the vast courtyard, but the actual function is still a mystery.

Initially it was suspected that the addition of this leg to prevent the construction collapse. Another theory states the addition of design error caused the original foot and not in accordance with Wastu Sastra is the book of India on architecture and urban planning. Manufacture additional leg is done by carefully taking into account religious reasons, aesthetic and technical.

The main stupa located in the middle at once crowning the building, surrounded by three rows of circular 72 perforated stupas in which there is statue of Buddha sitting cross-legged in the lotus position perfectly with Mudra or hand gesture and Dharmachakra or turning the wheel of Dharma.

Monument is a model of the universe, was built as a shrine to honor Buddha and serves as a place of pilgrimage to lead mankind to switch from natural lust to enlightenment and wisdom according to the teachings of Buddha.

The pilgrims enter the complex through the east side of the site and start the ritual at the base of the temple sightseeing sacred buildings circling clockwise, while continuing to ascend to the next steps through the three levels of the realm in Buddhist cosmology.

These three levels are Kamadhatu (the realm of lust), Rupadhatu (sphere form), and Arupadhatu (the realm of the intangible). Pilgrims walk through series of hallways and stairs to watch more than 1,460 beautiful relief panels carved on the walls and balustrades.

Was not found written evidence that explains who build Borobudur and what it does. Have been built around the year 800 AD in accordance with the period between 760 and 830 M or future heyday Sailendra dynasty in Central Java under the Srivijaya empire.

Some sources said the construction project architect Gunadharma is derived from Menoreh Mountains region and is estimated to spend 75-100 years and actually completed during the reign of Samaratungga in the year 825 AD.

A number of overlapping data on whether the ruling king at that time Java-based Hindu or Buddhist. Sailendra known Mahayana Buddhists, but the inscription Sojomerto said they based Hindu Shiva. In the period have built many Hindu and Buddhist temples simultaneously in Kedu Plain.

Canggal inscription dated 732 AD mentions King Sanjaya as the Hindu Shiva, ordered the construction of the Temple Shiwalingga in the hills of Mount Wukir or 10 kilometers east of Borobudur. Additionally, Borobudur was built in the period almost simultaneously with Buddhist temples at Prambanan Plain.

Based Kalasan inscription in 778 AD mentions the construction of Buddhist temples was possible because Sanjaya heir. King Panangkaran give permission to Buddhists to build temples, even the village of Kalasan to confer the Sangha (Buddhist community) for the maintenance and financing Kalasan to glorify Bodhisattwadewi Tara.

The archaeologists proposed the theory that religion never became a source of conflict in the classical Javanese society. King Hindus could support and fund the construction of Buddhist temples, as well as Buddhist kings supported the construction of Hindu temple.

But is thought to arise between the two dynastic rivalry in those days was the Sailendra dynasty who embraced Buddhism and Sanjaya dynasty who worships Shiva and build Prambanan temple to rival the grandeur of Borobudur.

Tinuku Travel Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Travel.Tinuku.com Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Tinuku Travel Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Travel.Tinuku.com Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist architecture to glorify Buddha with 2672 relief and 504 statues

Activity: Exploration archeology and culture, hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: Tour guide, museum, car parking, restrooms, restaurants and hotels.

Routes and public transport: All are available and can be reached from anywhere with ease.

Location: Jl. Bradawati, Borobudur, Magelang.

Reach access: 42 km from Yogyakarta city (1 hour), 19 Km from Magelang city (30 minutes), 50 km Giwangan Bus Terminal Yogyakarta (1 hour 19 minutes), 47 Km from Adisucipto International Airport (15 minutes), 42 Km from Tugu Railway Station (1 hour) and 42 Km from Lempuyangan Railway Station (1 hour).



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