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Komodo National Park

Taman Nasional Komodo is a nature reserve with iconic fauna Komodo the Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) located in West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tenggara, composed of three major islands is the island of Komodo, Rinca and Padar, and numerous smaller islands.

Komodo National Park is famous for its Komodo is a great creature like giant lizard length of 3 meters and weighing 165 kg or 100 kg when empty stomach. Komodo is not active predators, they hunt prey weak or injured. They just need a bite to paralyze prey and wait for days dying.

Komodo National Park covers land area of 603 square kilometers of a total 1817 square kilometers and runs from to protect the Komodo habitat. More than 277 species of fauna which is fusion of Asian and Australian animals consisted of 32 species mammals, 128 species birds and 37 species reptiles. Reefs at least 253 species are home to more than 1,000 species of fish.

Tinuku Travel Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara home the dragon and coral reefs the world's most exotic

Tinuku.com Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara home the dragon and coral reefs the world's most exotic

Travel.Tinuku.com Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara home the dragon and coral reefs the world's most exotic

Designated as a National Park on March 6, 1980, declared a Human and Biosphere Reserve in 1977 and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991. In 1992 declared a National symbol, in 2000 as Marine Protected Areas and in 2006 as one of the National Parks Model in Indonesia.

The park is located in the Indonesian Wallacea formed by the meeting of two continents create a row of volcanic archipelago. The Komodo became famous in the world of science since 1911 when Peter Ouwens, a curator at the Zoological Museum of Bogor, received a report from the Dutch Indies Government Officers J.K.H. Van Steyn.

Komodo National Park ecosystem affected by the climate resulting from drought, high temperatures, low rainfall and the transition zone between the flora and fauna of Asia and Australia. Aquatic ecosystems are affected by the impact of El Nino and La Nina thus heating the layer of sea water around.

Grasslands and savanna woodlands has its share of 70 percent with variety of grass is Setaria adhaerens, Chloris barbata, Heteropogon contortus, Themeda gigantea and Themeda gradiosa punctuated by palm trees (Borassus flobellifer) as typical plant.

Tropical forest vegetation has 25 percent of the total area of the plant species such as kesambi (Schleichera oleosa), tamarind (Tamarindus indica), billowing (Sterculia foetida) and various other plants at height of 500 meters below sea level.

At the tops of the hills of vegetation among Collophyllum spectobile, Colona kostermansiana, Glycosmis pentaphylla, Ficus urupaceae, Mischarpus sundaicus, Podocarpus netrifolia, Teminalia zollingeri, Uvaria ruva, rattan (Callamus sp.), Bamboo (Bambusa sp.) and in the shade usually found clinging moss on the rocks.

As of today total population of 2,793 komodos in the national park spread out some 1,288 on Komodo island, 1,336 on Rinca island, 83 on Gili Mota island and 86 on Nusa Kode island. Komodo can not be found anywhere else on this earth besides the four islands.

They are carnivores and cannibals. Baby till two years old spent most of their time in trees to protect themselves from attack larger dragons or other predators such as wild boar. Young Komodo dragons eat insects, lizards and birds, while adults eat deer, wild boar, horses, water buffalo and scavenge carcasses.

Komodo use the tongue to smell up to distance 5 kilometers. Saliva contains 60 kinds of deadly bacteria and the prey is bitten can die within a day to few weeks due to blood poisoning. Mating occurs in July-August, komodo females produce up to 30 eggs per nest and hatch 6-9 months later.

Mammals include deer (Cervus timorensis), wild dog (Cuon alpinus), wild boar (Sus scrofa) Long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), wild horse (Equus caballus), wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), raccoons (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), rats Rinca (Hundred ritjanus) and fruit bats (Cynopterus brachyotis and Pteropsis sp.).

At least 111 species of birds including bird-footed (Megapodius reinwardt), yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea), turtledove (Geopelia streptriata), turtledoves (Streptopelia chinensis), pergam green (Ducula aenea), Philemon buceroides, king prawns (Halcyon chloris) , sea white-eye (Zosterops chloris) and others.

Besides dragons there are also 34 species of reptiles are cobra (Naja naja), snake russel (Vipera russeli), snake green tree (Trimeresurus albolabris), python (Python sp.), Sea snakes (Laticauda Colubrina), lizards (Scinidae, Dibamidae and Varanidae), geckos (Gekko sp.), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and others.

Bay protected from the waves of storing vegetation among Rhizophora sp., Rhizophora mucronata, Lumnitzera racemosa, api-api (Avicennia marina), Bruguiera sp., Capparis seplaria, Ceriops tagal and Sonneratia alba. Mangrove communities in Komodo National Park is a natural fortress and roots become protected areas for fish, crabs, shrimp and molluscs.

Coral reefs in the Komodo National Park includes the most beautiful in the world. More than 1000 species of fish, 260 species coral, 70 species sponges and many other invertebrates. Acropora spp, Favites sp, sp Leptoria, Fungia sp, Sarcophyton Xenia sp and sp are common coral species.

Tinuku Travel Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara home the dragon and coral reefs the world's most exotic

Tinuku.com Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara home the dragon and coral reefs the world's most exotic

Various species of gorgonians, sea fans, sea pens, anemones with clown fish, starfish, christmas tree worms, giant clams (Tridacna sp), lobster, nudibranchs, and others. Among other reef fish Chaetodon spp, Amychiprion spp, 8 types kereapu and Napoleon (Chelinus undulatus). National Park is also a migratory passage 5 types of whales, 10 species of dolphins and dugongs (Dugong dugon).

The national park brings wonderful experience to the visitors do fishing, snorkeling, diving, canoeing and boating. While on the mainland is a wildlife observation, hiking and camping. Visit Komodo National Park and enjoy the natural scenery is very charming, experience that will never be forgotten.

Location: East Nusa Tenggara.

Activity: Watching the flora and fauna, diving, snorkeling, swimming, fishing, trekking, hiking, camping, hammocking, hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: All are available.

Routes and public transport: All flights landing at a nearby location is an airport in Labuan Bajo or Bima.

Official Website: http://www.komodonationalpark.org/



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