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Lorentz National Park

Taman Nasional Lorentz is protected forest area the largest in Papua and has 25.056 square kilometers as the largest in Southeast Asia covering Jayawijaya, Yahukimo, Puncak Jaya, Puncak, Mimika, Paniai, Asmat, Nduga and Lanni Jaya save wildlife incredible area, uncharted and over 5,000 meters above the sea level.

Lorentz National Park is one of regions in Papua has an area of 2.4 million hectares as a place of stunning natural life and until now still not entirely mapped, explored and there are many plants, animals and indigenous cultures. In 1999 the national park was accepted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tinuku Travel Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Travel.Tinuku.com Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Tinuku Travel Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Travel.Tinuku.com Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

The name is taken from a Dutch explorer Hendrikus Albertus Lorentz who explored the area in 1909 which is the 10th expedition in the park. From 2003 until now the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) continue mapping biodiversity and indigenous territories.

Lorentz National Park is representative of the most complete ecosystem for biodiversity in Asia-Pacific. Territory stretches from the top Jayawijaya mountains were blanketed by snow tropics to the shores of mangrove forests in Arafura Sea.

Within this stretch are astonishing ecological spectrum of regional alpine vegetation, sub-alpine, montane, sub-montane, lowland and wetland. Based on the classification of Schmidt and Ferguson this region into the A-type climate with rainfall 3700-10000 mm per year and has air temperature 0C to 32C.

In north, glaciers on Puncak Jaya and river disappears few kilometers into the ground in the Valley Balliem. The southern part of the alluvial beaches are very wide, while the central part of mountains is characteristic Lorentz region with complex geological structure due to the interaction of Australian Plate and Pacific Plate.

The highest peak of mountain range and southern slopes are formed by plate consisting of mixture of Australian continental crust and lower part of the Age Tasman palcozoic orogen. Both turned and buried sendimen the Holocene Epoch. The southern part of the submerged rocks formed by alluvium on Neogene and Quaternary Period, while the southern slopes and its foot is characterized by thick layer of rock Silurian or Devonian to Permian.

Stone clay, shale, sandstone, conglomerate and volcanic rocks formed these deposits. The highest part of mountain region is layer of sedimentary rock 2,000 meters thick consisting of mixture of limestone, marl and sandstone. All sediment flowing in tidal areas or in marine environments.

Vegetation has 34 types such as swamp forest, river banks, sago palm forest, peat land forests, coral sand beaches, rain forest land is flat and slopes, hills rain forest, heath forest, montane forest, grassland and lichens.

Cultural diversity is admirable was estimated to be 30,000 years old and is residence of about nine tribal groups are Asmat (sub-tribe Joerat and Emariu Ducur), Nduga, Somahai, Dani (sub-tribe Hupla, Mukoko and Hiriakup), Dani Barat or Lani, Moni or Dem, Amungme or Damal, Sempan and Comoro (having 13 sub-tribes).

Asmat are very famous works of sculpture are very artistic. Thousands carving sculpture dominates the Asmat Cultural Festival event which takes place every beginning October which was first held in 1981. The event also featured attractions of dances and songs by group of dancers Tifa of hundreds villages.

An area of millions of hectares have diverse topography and types of plants grow like palm (Nypa fruticans), mangroves (Rhizophora apiculata), Pandanus julianettii, Colocasia esculenta, Avicennia marina, Podocarpus pilgeri and Nauclea coadunata.

Two types of cassowary, four megapodes, 31 pigeons species, 30 parrots species, 13 shrimp birds species, 29 honey birds species and 20 species endemic Cendrawasih tail length (Paradigalla caruneulata) and Snow Quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx). Also pig snout length (Zaglossus bruijnii), pig snout short (Tachyglossus aculeatus), four cuscus species, wallabies, forest cats and tree kangaroos (Dendrolagus sp).

Snow Quail in Habema very special privilege that only live at an altitude 3000-4200 meters. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed in the category "near threatened" because the population has declined. Habema also a habitat for tree kangaroos.

Tinuku Travel Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Travel.Tinuku.com Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Tinuku Travel Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

Travel.Tinuku.com Lorentz National Park spans 25 056 square kilometers in Papua as center for biodiversity and culture

IUCN 1990 categorizes Lorentz National Park as one of the centers diversity of flora with at least five vegetation zones according to altitude is lowland zone (0-650 meters), mountains zone (650-3200 meters), sub-alpine zone (3200-4170 meters ), alpine zone (4170-4585 meters) and nival zone (above 4,585 meters).

Jayawijaya Mountains hike can find four major lakes are Larson lake, Dyscovery lake, Hoguyugu lake and Habema lake at an altitude of 3,335 meters. Baliem Valley is a city at an altitude of 1,600 meters and surrounded by beautiful scenery.

In the western, eastern and northern filled with lush trees interspersed with rivers and waterfalls formed at some point. Most of these rivers flows entering into the underground river. The best visiting season is the months of August to December.



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