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Prambanan Temple

Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang temple is the largest Hindu temple architectural complex in the world was built in the 9th century AD to present Trimurti are three main Hindu gods are Brahma as the god creator, Vishnu as the god preserver, and Shiva the god of destruction.

Some theories suggest Prambanan is the Shiva temple. This view is based on the inscription Siwagrha (Sanskrit which means 'house of Shiva') and Garbagriha (main hall) of this temple sits a statue of Shiva Mahadeva three meters high which shows that prefer the temple of Lord Shiva.

The temple complex is located in Sleman, Yogyakarta, and Klaten, Central Java, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the largest Hindu temple in the world and the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. The building consists of three main temples in the main page has a height of 47 meters and a sleek accordance Hindu architectural style, while a cluster of small temples around the surrounding.

Tinuku Travel Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

travel.tinuku.com Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

Tinuku Travel Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

travel.tinuku.com Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

The largest Hindu temple and the grandest ever built in the old Java was built around 850 AD by King Rakai Pikatan and continue to be developed and expanded by King Balitung Maha Sambu in as king of Medang Mataram to rival Borobudur and Sewu (Buddhist).

Some historians put forward the theory that the construction of a Hindu temple to mark the return to power Wangsa Sanjaya dynasty in Java and to rival Buddhist Sailendra dynasty of Srivijaya. This marked the kingdom Medang switch focus religious support of Mahayana Buddhism to Hinduism Shiva.

Architectural complex was built by Rakai Pikatan and continually refined and expanded by King Lokapala and King Balitung Maha Sambu to honor Lord Shiva. The construction process including changing the flow of the river Opak.

Waterworks project done by creating a new river that cuts spatula curved river with the north-south axis along the western wall outside the temple complex. The original river flow then backfilled to provide broader land for the construction of a row of ancillary temples.

Some archaeologists believe that the Shiva statue in Garbhagriha (main room) in the Shiva temple is a statue of the king Balitung embodiment. The complex of buildings on a regular basis continues to be refined by the kings of Medang next is King Daksha and Tulodong.

Around the year 930-an, Mpu Sindok of Isyana dynasty moved the government in East Java. One theory is due to the impact of the massive eruption of Mount Merapi, which stands about 20 kilometers north of the temple of Prambanan. The temple building was also allegedly completely collapsed by a powerful earthquake in the 16th century.

In 1733, the temple was discovered again by CA. Lons, then Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles ordered a surveyor Colin Mackenzie to conduct investigations and looting became more widespread until the 1880s. Jan Willem IJzerman in 1855 started to clean up and pick up some rocks and soil from the temple.

Isaac Groneman do a major overhaul and the temple stones stacked haphazardly along the river Opak. Statues and reliefs were looted by residents of the Netherlands and used as garden ornaments, while the indigenous people use the temple stones to make home.

Restoration began in 1918, but a serious effort in the 1930s. In 1902-1903, Theodoor van Erp repair parts that are prone to collapse. In 1918-1926 Bureau of Antiquities (Oudheidkundige Dienst) under P.J. Perquin systematically apply the rules of archeology.

In 1926 De Haan until his death in 1930, in 1931 followed by V.R. van Romondt up in 1942 and then handed over the leadership of the renovations to the Indonesian government and continued until 1993.

Many parts of the temple was renovated using new stone for original stones have been stolen or reused elsewhere. Standard renovation of a temple that renovations done if 75 percent of the stone is genuine. Many small temples are not rebuilt and just seemed foundation course.

In 1991 UNESCO status as a World Heritage Site. In 2006 the great earthquake hit Yogyakarta, some parts must be renovated to repair damage. This earthquake has damaged a number of buildings and statues.

Every full moon temple manager organizes performances Ramayana ballet background advantage of the three major temples. This show will be held outdoors if the dry season, when the rainy season the show moved indoors.

Tinuku Travel Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

travel.tinuku.com Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

Tinuku Travel Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

travel.tinuku.com Prambanan Temple, the largest Hindu architectural sites in the world in honor the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

Activity: Exploration archeology and culture, watch the Ramayana Ballet, hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: Museum, car parking, restrooms, Restaurants and hotels.

Routes and public transport: All are available and can be reached from anywhere with ease.

Location: Desa Bokoharjo, Prambanan, Sleman, Yogyakarta.

Reach access: 16 km from Yogyakarta city (30 minutes), 7 Km from Adisucipto International Airport (15 minutes), 17 Km from Tugu Railway Station (30 minutes) and 15 Km from Lempuyangan Railway Station (30 minutes).



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