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Sewu temple

Candi Sewu or Prasada Vajrasana Manjusrigrha is the Mahayana Buddhist temple complex consists of 249 temples, built in the 8th century and is only 800 meters north of Prambanan Temple. Sewu is the second largest Buddhist temple architectural complex after Borobudur in Central Java.

Sewu tempel older than the Borobudur and Prambanan. The local community of this temple is called "Sewu" means thousand in the Java language. In 1960 discovered Kelurak inscription the year 782 AD and Manjusrigrha inscription the year 792 AD indicates the original name of the temple is "Prasada Vajrasana Manjusrigrha".

Tinuku Travel Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan

Tinuku Travel Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan

The term "Prasada" meaningful temple or shrine, the term "Vajrajasana" means a Vajra (diamond or thunder) is enthroned, while "Manjusrigrha" means House of Manjusri is one of the Bodhisattva in the teachings of Buddha. Sewu Temple was probably built in the 8th century or at the end of the reign of King Panangkaran during the years 746-784 AD of the Ancient Mataram empire.

The temple complex may be restored and expanded during the reign of Rakai Pikatan is a prince of the Sanjaya dynasty who married Pramodhawardhani of the Sailendra dynasty. Prambanan area is located in a valley that stretches from the southern slopes of Mount Merapi in the north to Sewu mountains in the south.

In the valley scattered Buddhist and Hindu archaeological sites within just a few hundred meters of each other. This shows that religion is not a source of conflict and the region is an important city in the religious, politics and urban life of the ancient Javanese society.

In this area there is another temple complex Lumbung temple, Bubrah temple and Gana temple about 300 meters to the east. Kulon temple about 300 meters to the west and Lor temple approximately 200 meters to the north. The layout of Sewu temple as the largest Buddhist temple after temple of Borobudur and Prambanan temples adjacent to the show Hindu and Buddhist communities live in harmony.

The entrance of the complex can be found in all four corners, but based on the design of building shows the main entrance is located on the east side. Each entrance guarded by a pair of 2.3-meter high statue Dwarapala was a giant security guard and replicas can be found in Kraton Yogyakarta.

The original building consisted of 249 temples in the complex are arranged "Wajradhatu Mandala" is a manifestation of the universe in cosmology of Mahayana Buddhism. A main temple and the largest has a distance of 200 meters from each other. In line 2th and 3th are Perwara temples (guards) and among which there are 8 small temples.

Perwara temples amounted to 240 pieces with a similar design and is made up of four concentric rows. Judging from the deepest part (middle), the first line consists of 28 temples and the second row consists of 44 temples are arranged with a certain distance interval. Two rows of outer stand 80 temples, while the fourth line the outer consists of 88 small temples are arranged close together.

The main temple was built of andesite stone material located in the courtyard area of 40 square meters surrounded by a fence of 0.85 meter tall stone structure. The temple building polygon-shaped angle 20 and a diameter of 29 meters. The building stands 30 meters by 9 roof each having a stupa at the peak.

The temple sits on the ground as high as 2.5 meters. The foot of the temple is decorated floral motif in the vase. To get to the surface to form the hall, there are stairs width of 2 meters equipped Makara ornate staircase is a dragon head with an open mouth contains a statue of Buddha. The outside wall is decorated with a giant Kalpawreksa.

Above the doorway there are Kalamakara, but the wall on the left and right is decorated a dragon head with mouth open. The temple's interior walls of the cube-shaped and made of red brick. In the room there is a 'Asana'. On the outside walls and the roof are niches containing statue of Buddha in various positions. Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan

Tinuku Travel Sewu temple complex, the largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur only 800 meters north of Prambanan

In May 2006 a great earthquake struck Yogyakarta causing damage to the building structure is very real and the main temple suffered the most severe damage. Fractional rocks scattered on the ground, cracks and fissures between rocks connection. To prevent the collapse of buildings, metal frame mounted on four corners of the building to support and hold the main temple.

Although the site was reopened to visitors a few weeks later after the earthquake in 2006, all the main temple remain closed and may not be entered for security reasons. Now the metal frame supporting the main temple had been removed and visitors can enter the room in the main temple.

Activity: Exploration archeology, culture and architecture. Hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: Museum, car parking, restrooms, restaurants and hotels.

Routes and public transport: All are available and easily accessible from anywhere.

Location: Dukuh Bener, Bugisan village, Prambanan, Klaten, Central Java.

Reach access: 16 km from Yogyakarta city (30 minutes), 7 km from Adisucipto International Airport (15 minutes), 17 Km from Tugu Railway Station (30 minutes) and 15 Km from Lempuyangan Railway Station (30 minutes).

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