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Ratu Boko Temple

Candi Ratu Boko or Kraton Ratu Baka is a Buddhist ruins palace complex was built in the 8th century by Rakai Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty and is located approximately 3 kilometers to the south of Prambanan. Region temple sits on a hill 25 hectares at an altitude of 196 meters above sea level.

Ratu Boko is not just temple ruins, but a royal palace. Archaeologists have proposed the theory that the site was built in 8th century by Sailendra dynasty the Buddhist, but later taken over by the kings of the Hindu Mataram Medang. Transition produces architecture building by Hinduism and Buddhism.

Tinuku Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty

Kraton Ratu Boko was first discovered by Dutch archaeologists HJ De Graaf in the 17th century. In 1790 Van Boeckholtz publish the ancient ruins and attract attention of Makenzie, Junghun, and Brumun which register in 1814.

Mackenzie found statue of male and female-headed gods were lying in a pile of rocks and a pole decorated elephants, horses and others. At the beginning of 20th century, the site examined again by FDK Bosch. Research results are reported in the article entitled Keraton Van Ratoe Boko.

An inscription in 792 AD named Abhayagiriwihara using Pranagari letters as one characteristic Buddhist inscriptions mention Rakai Panangkaran ordered the construction of the site. The same name was also mentioned in Kalasan inscription (779 AD), Mantyasih inscription (907 AD) and Wanua Tengah III inscription (908 AD).

Archaeologists declared the construction site in the form of a monastery or temple built on a peaceful hill. In the reign of Rakai Walaing Pu Kombayoni in 898-908 AD, the temple was renamed the Palace Walaing. The site is a vast area comprised of several groups of buildings that now only left in ruins.

An entrance gate on the west side in high places, visitors must pass through the uphill road as far as 100 meters. The entrance consists of two gates on outside and inside. Outer gate consists ruins Paduraksa archway lined three north-south direction and coincide facing east.

About 45 meters from the first gate to northeast are the foundation of 5x5 meters was built of limestone. It is estimated that walls and roof of original building was not made of stone, but of other breakable materials such as wood and shingle or tile usual.

Approximately 37 meters to east is a 3 meter high terraces, rectangular layout and spacious 26 square meters. The second terrace is narrower than the first terrace, thus forming a breezeway. Top terrace surface is grass courtyard. Staircase walls reinforced with stone arrangement. In the middle of courtyard patio is a kind of 4x4 meter wells as a crematory.

A throne is located approximately 45 meters to south is a terrace built of andesite height of 1.5 meters, width of 7 meters, length of 38 meters and stretching north-south. On the floor surface was found 20 extolled the foundation upon which stick pole and four grooves trace the dividing wall.

A gazebo about 20 meters from the throne is a 3 meter high stone wall and a fence in an area 40 meters long and 30 meters wide. In some walls there are sewers. In the stone wall are two terraces of andesite composition. Along the edges of walls are stone floored alley.

The first terrace rectangular shaped stage height 1.46 meters with an area of 20 square meters. On the top floor surface has 24 pieces of stone base. The second terrace has a rectangular layout size 20x6 meters and on the floor surface discovered 12 stones base.

Outside the walls of the gazebo is stone terrace and three small temple as a place of worship. The temple in middle of the larger is place to worship the god Vishnu, while two other temple is a place to worship Shiva and Brahma.

A female dormitory is located in east of gazebo has size of 31 x 8 meters bounded by stone walls as high as 2 meters, but most of the stone wall has collapsed. The entrance has a gate Paduraksa and garnish Kalamakara east and west sides. Inside has three rectangular-shaped pool and eight pools have round-shaped pool.

On the slopes of hill are two caves is a rectangular hall 1.3 meters high, 3.7 meters wide and 2.9 meters. The interior of the cave has niches such as booths, the walls have a rectangular frame-shaped sculpture. Mackenzie found the statue in front of the cave.

Tinuku Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty Ratu Boko Temple in Sleman are palace complex ruins built by order Panangkaran of Sailendra dynasty

Location: Sambireja, Prambanan, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta.

Activity: Explore ethnography, archeology, architecture and culture. Seeing sunset and sunrise, hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: Car parking, restrooms, restaurants and hotels.

Reach access: 15 km from Yogyakarta city, 7 Km from Adisucipto International Airport, 16 Km from Tugu Railway Station, 15 Km from Lempuyangan Railway Station, 18 Km from Giwangan Bus Terminal

Routes and public transport: Take a taxi from anywhere.

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