Karimunjawa National Park

Taman Nasional Karimunjawa is a group of 22 islands in Java Sea, adopted in 1999 and has an area of 1,116 square kilometers. The park is part of the Karimunjawa Islands in Jepara regency, Central Java, as home to coral reefs, mangroves, coastal forests, rain forests and more 400 species of marine fauna, white-bellied sea eagle, hawksbill and green turtles.

Karimunjawa National Park is protected area in the Karimunjawa archipelagic in north of Java island as water and land ecosystems. The islands have a typical plant is Dewadaru (Fragrarea eliptica) and Kalimosodo (Cordia subcordata) which grows in lowland rain forest.

The travelers can watch the panorama of coral reefs using glass boats, fishing boats, swimming, snorkeling and diving. In the waters island of Menjangan Kecil, Cemara Besar and Tengah bring beauty of coral reefs to depth of 20 meters.

Tinuku Travel Karimunjawa National Park beautiful white sandy islands in Java Sea for diving, snorkeling and camping

Tinuku.com Travel Karimunjawa National Park beautiful white sandy islands in Java Sea for diving, snorkeling and camping

Parks provide a campsite in the Camping Ground Legon Lele on Karimunjawa Island which is equipped with a 1-hectare arboretum. Hiking can be done on Bukit Bendera, Bukit Tengkorak and Bukit maming, while tracking in mangrove forest on Kemujan Island. Caving to do in Goa Sarang on Parang Island and monitoring of birds on Burung Island.

Waves in Karimunjawa is low and bordered by beaches of fine white sand. Region is a representative of five ecosystems types are coral reefs, seagrass beds and sea grass, mangroves, coastal forests and lowland tropical rain forests.

More than 45 mangrove species in 25 families and dominated Exoccaria agallocha and Rhizopora stylosa, whereas rare species are Schipiphora hydrophilaceae. Coastal forest is Ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), Sea Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Coconut (Cocos nucifera), Teak Sand (Scaerota frustescens), Setigi (Pemphis acidula) and Waru Laut (Hibiscus tiliaceus).

Coral reefs are made up of three types of fringing reef, barrier reef and patch reef. Coral cover in the range of 10 percent to 75 percent. Coral reef ecosystems in Karimun Islands consists of 64 genera with an endangered species was Tubipora musica.

More than 318 species of reef fish from 39 families in 44 locations observation with the largest number on the west side Cemara Besar Island and most are family Pomacentridae. Taka Mrican (Plectro point) as a spawning area grouper and Napoleon with domination Plectropomus areolatus, P. leopardus and P. oligocanthus.

Four types of clam is Hippopus hippopus, Tridacna crocea, Tridacna maxima and Tridacna squamosa. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate) routinely come to a sandy area on Sintok Island to spawn. More than 15 species of Holothuroidea dominated by Holothuria atra and Holothuria impatiens. Sea cucumbers are found in coastal waters Geleang Island.

More than 19 species of macroalgae with the largest number of Chlorophyta. Seagrass beds scattered across the Karimunjawa National Park waters to a depth of 25 meters as the home Cymodocea rotundata, Enhalus acoroides, Halodule uninervis, Halophila ovalis, Halophila minor, Syringodium isoetilium, Thalassia hemprichii, and Thalassodensron ciliatum.

Ecosystem of lowland tropical rain forest is home to 124 species and 5 genera dominated Jambon (Sizyqium spp), Sentul (Sandoricum koetjape), Ande-ande (Antidesma montanum), Berasan (Gomphia serrata), and Gondorio (Bouea macrophylla). Flora typical Karimunjawa is Dewadaru (F. eliptica) and Kalimosodo (C. subcordata).

Land fauna are deer (Cervus timorensis) and Long Tailed Monkey (Macaca fascicularis karimondjawae), 16 species of reptiles including snakes edor (Calloselasma rhodostoma) and two types of amphibia. More than 54 bird species in 27 families including Pergam Ketanjar (Ducula Rosaceae), Trocokan (Picnonotus govier) and Betet karimunjawa. Endemic butterfly is Euploea crameri karimondjawaensis, Euploea sylvester karimondjawaensis and Idea leuconoee karimondjawae.

Travel.Tinuku.com Karimunjawa National Park beautiful white sandy islands in Java Sea for diving, snorkeling and camping

Tinuku Travel Karimunjawa National Park beautiful white sandy islands in Java Sea for diving, snorkeling and camping

Location: Karimunjawa, Central Java.

Activity: Diving, snorkeling, swimming, fishing, trekking, hiking, camping, hammocking. Explore the flora and fauna. Explore ethnography, archeology, architecture, culture and culinary. Seeing sunset and sunrise, hunting photography and videography, and others.

Complementary facilities: Dive and snorkel gear, boats, camping equipment. Car parking, restrooms, restaurants, guesthouses and resorts.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Dewadaru airport on Karimun Island. Another alternative flight to Semarang city, then use fast ferry from the port in Semarang city or port in Jepara city.

Contact: Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa
Jl. Sinar Waluyo Raya No. 248
Semarang, postal code: 50723
Telp: +622476738248, Fax: +622476738248
Email: [email protected]

Advice: Karimunjawa National Park is always beautiful every year, but the best time to visit is May to November.