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Banaue rice terraces

Banaue Rice Terraces or 'Hagdan-hagdang Palayan ng Banawe' are rice fields of mountain slopes built by Ifugao tribe in 3000 to 2000 years ago in Ifugao province, Philippines. The terrace is built using minimal equipment at an altitude of about 1500 meters (5000 feet) above sea level and the ancient irrigation system of the rainforest on the terrace.

Paddy fields are carved on the hillside where rice is planted on stairs that are considered one of the greatest achievements of human engineering. If the terrace from end to end is spread will cover half of the world. Tourists have many hiking trails where the Ifugao people have the hospitality to drive around.

Xvlor Banaue rice terraces and agricultural complexity 2000 years ago by Ifugao tribe

Locals to this day still plant rice and vegetables on the terrace, although the youth prefer to work to the city, the threat of erosion and drought due to climate change. UNESCO in 1995 declared a terrace group in Bangaan, Batad, Mayoyao, Nagacadan and Hungduan in Ifugao as a World Heritage Site.

Ifugao culture is built on rice and produces a series of intricate sacred activities related to agricultural rituals. The Ifugao people practice traditional agriculture that spends most of the time on terraces and forests on mountain slopes. The culture includes technology on irrigation, stone construction, ground work and terraces.

The terrace symbolizes the absolute blending of the physical, social, cultural, economic, religious, and political environments passed down from generation to generation. The complex of ancient civilizations also have stone walls where colorful carvings, the development of complex irrigation systems, harvesting water from peat forest, and agricultural systems that reflect mastery of the technique.

The terrace illustrates the tenacity of cultural traditions, continuity and resilience that archaeological evidence suggests this technique has been used in this region for almost 2000 years has not changed. They offer many lessons for applications in the same neighborhood elsewhere.

Xvlor.com Banaue rice terraces and agricultural complexity 2000 years ago by Ifugao tribe

Location: Banaue, Ifugao Province, Philippines.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, then travel overland to the site.

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