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Chocolate Hills

Chocolate Hills is an unusual geological formation that at least forms over 1,268 hills on a 50 square kilometer (20 sq mi) plot of land scattered on Bohol island in Bohol province, Philippines. The mound formations are almost symmetrical, height ranging from 30 to 50 meters (98 to 164 feet) and covered in green grass, but during dry season it becomes brown.

There is no scientific consensus on how these hills are formed. A theory argues that Chocolate Hill is a weathered rock formation of a kind of marine limestone over an impermeable clay layer. This site has been declared a National Geological Monument and is proposed for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Xvlor Chocolate Hills consists more than 1268 symmetrical mounds on Bohol Island

Vegetation dominated by grass is Imperata cylindrica and Saccharum spontaneum, but some Compositae and ferns also grow. People planted using flat land around the mound to grow rice and other perennials.

The hills are formed during Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene which contains fossils of marine foraminifera, corals, molluscs, and abundant algae. The geomorphological characteristics of the karst cockpit arise by the combination of limestone dissolution by rainfall, surface water, groundwater, and subaerial erosion after being lifted up to sea level and cracked by tectonics.

These hills are separated by flat terrain and contain many caves and springs where the Chocolate Hills are regarded as extraordinary examples of karst cone topography. Grassy hills formerly were coral reefs that erupted from the ocean in a massive geological shift where wind and water make the final touch for hundreds of thousands of years.

Chocolate Hills are scattered in areas that include the towns of Sagbayan, Batuan, Carmen, Bilar, Sierra Bullones and Valencia. In the city of Carmen has a resort known as the provincial government's 'Chocolate Hills Complex'. The complex has a 360 ° viewing deck, hotels, restaurants, swimming pools and souvenir shops.

The hills are formed during Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene which contains fossils of marine foraminifera, corals, molluscs, and abundant algae. The geomorphological characteristics of the karst cockpit arise by the combination of limestone dissolution by rainfall, surface water, groundwater, and subaerial erosion after being lifted up to sea level and cracked by tectonics.

These hills are separated by flat plains and contain many caves and springs where the Chocolate Hills are regarded as extraordinary examples of karst cone topography. Formerly coral reefs erupted from the ocean in a massive geological shift where wind and water make the final touch for hundreds of thousands of years.

Xvlor.com Chocolate Hills consists more than 1268 symmetrical mounds on Bohol Island

Chocolate Hills are scattered in the region covering the cities of Sagbayan, Batuan, Carmen, Bilar, Sierra Bullones and Valencia. Carmen has a resort known as the provincial government's 'Chocolate Hills Complex'. The complex has a 360 viewing deck, hotels, restaurants, swimming pools and souvenir shops.

Other resorts in Sagbayan are known as 'Sagbayan Peak' covering 5 hectares at the top of the mountain and the recreation center which also has a 360 viewing deck of rolling hills and blue sea beyond. The resort is 18 kilometers from the Chocolate Hills Complex.

Location: Bohol Province, Bohol Island.

Routes and public transport: All flights and ships to Tagbilaran City. Buses to Carmen or Sagbayan are available at Dao Terminal in Tagbilaran City. Ask the bus driver to drive you at the intersection to the resort.

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