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Mrauk U

Mrauk U is a very beautiful archaeological area in Mrauk-U Township, Mrauk-U District, Rakhine State, Myanmar, built by Mrauk U Kingdom as the most powerful kingdom of Rakhine in 1430 to 1785 who lived and embraced the Theravada Buddhists. The city has been a destination for traders from India, Portugal, Netherlands and France for centuries.

Mrauk U is the capital of Mrauk U Kingdom as one of the most important and magnificent historical sites full of monuments after Bagan in Mandalay. The ruins of the old city that lies in the Rakhine hills of western Myanmar to the coast of the Bay of Bengal have offered a glimpse of Burmese glory in the past.

Xvlor Mrauk U is pagoda-rich area as regional trading center in Rakhine State

Xvlor.com Mrauk U is pagoda-rich area as regional trading center in Rakhine State

Mrauk U is a prosperous kingdom stretching from the banks of the Ganges river to the western end of the Ayeyarwaddy River including modern Bangladesh, Dhaka and Chittagong. The kings, ministers and peasants built many pagodas and temples where the area has a rich collection of second temples and pagodas after the city of Bagan.

Most of the Mrauk U temples are built using carved bricks, while in Bagan it uses more rock and clay. The most famous temples in Mrauk U are Shite-thaung Temple, Htukkanthein Temple, Koe-thaung Temple, and Five Mahn Pagodas (Mingala Man Aung, Ratana Man Aung, Sakya Man Aung, Lawka Man Aung and Zina Man Aung).

The Mrauk U region has evolved into an important regional trading center that acts as an entrance to the interior of Burma and as an important port along the east coast of the Bay of Bengal. This is the transit point for trading rice, elephants, deer, horses, tree sap, cotton, cowrie, spices, textiles and slaves.

King Min Saw Mon assigned Mrauk U as the last capital of Arakan in 1433. The city further grew to a size of 160,000 inhabitants early in the 17th century. Mrauk U became the capital of 49 ruling kings in Mrauk U Kingdom until the conquest by the Konbaung Dynasty in 1784.

The city became a center of trade for kingdoms in Asia as well as Portugal and later Dutch East India Company (VOC) of the Netherlands. The VOC established trade relations with Arakan in 1608 after the Portuguese fell and established a permanent factory in Mrauk U in 1635 and operated in Arakan until 1665.

www.xvlor.com Mrauk U is pagoda-rich area as regional trading center in Rakhine State

Xvlor Mrauk U is pagoda-rich area as regional trading center in Rakhine State

Location: Mrauk-U Township, Mrauk-U District, Rakhine State.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Sittwe Airport in Sittwe City, Rakhine State.

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