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Old Bagan

Old Bagan is an area of the old city, also called the city of a million pagodas, built by Pagan Empire in Mandalay Region, Myanmar, in the 11th to 13th centuries and covers an area of 104 square kilometers as the richest archaeological site in Southeast Asia containing 2,230 monuments where more than 10,000 ruins and 600 monuments were lost by the Irrawaddy River flood.

The Bagan region was previously dubbed Arimaddana-pura or Arimaddana and is also called Tambadipa or Tassadessa as the capital of some ancient kingdoms in Burma. The Pagan was the first kingdom to unite the small areas that would later form modern Myanmar.

Xvlor Old Bagan is city of thousand pagodas built by prosperous Pagan Empire

Xvlor.com Old Bagan is city of thousand pagodas built by prosperous Pagan Empire

Bagan architects provide a clear line to the viharas, temples and pagodas. The temple has an inner chamber which usually contains a Buddha statue and a place to pray, the vihara is a stupa building that has no space, while the pagoda is a temple-like building but the stupa is usually coated in gold.

Bagan from 1044 to 1287 are central to politics, economics and culture. Pagan Empire for 250 years as a prosperous kingdom has built more than 1000 stupas, 10,000 small temples and 3000 monasteries on the plains of Bagan.

The city is magnificent and a cosmopolitan center for religious and secular studies. Pagan Empire has built a scholarship tradition where monks and students from India, Sri Lanka and Khmer come to learn grammar, philosophy, astrology, chemistry, medicine and law.

Religion in Bagan is peace and most of Theravada Buddhist live side by side with Mahayana Buddhist, Tantric Buddhist, Saivite Hindusm, Vaishana Hinduism and animist tradition. The Pagan Empire collapsed in 1287 due to multiple invasions by the Mongols.

The fall of the Pagan Empire led to the decline of Bagan, becoming a small town and never regaining its superiority. The city was officially no longer the capital of December 1297 when the Myinsaing Kingdom became a new force in Burma.

Bagan survived until the 15th century as a human settlement and as a place of pilgrimage. Many temples are repainted over the pagan original age or complemented by the new Buddhist laws. A series of systematic renovations in the Konbaung period (1752-1885) which generally do not fit the original design. Many inscriptions are painted, even the addition of murals.

The complex was buffeted by more than 400 earthquakes between 1904 and 1975. An earthquake on July 8, 1975 destroyed many temples and could not be repaired. Many pagodas underwent restoration in the 1990s by the military junta, but caused widespread criticism by historians around the world. On August 24, 2016, a massive earthquake destroyed nearly 400 temples.

www.xvlor.com Old Bagan is city of thousand pagodas built by prosperous Pagan Empire

Xvlor Old Bagan is city of thousand pagodas built by prosperous Pagan Empire

Location: Old Bagan, Mandalay Region, Myanmar.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Nyaung U Airport.

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