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Shwedagon Pagoda

Shwedagon Zedi Daw, also known as the Great Dagon Pagoda or Golden Pagoda, is a Theravada Buddhist stupa with 99 meters (321.5 ft) gold plates, considered the most sacred to the Burmese and is located in Yangon Region, Myanmar. The pagoda is located in the western part of Lake Kandawgyi on Singuttara Hill and dominates the beautiful scenery of Yangon City.

The stupa was built by Mon people between the 6th and 10th centuries AD, but according to legend the Shwedagon Pagoda is believed to hold the historical relics of the Buddha are Kakusandha's wands, the Konagamana water filter, a piece of Kassapa's robe, and eight strands of Siddharta Gautama's hair.

Xvlor Shwedagon Pagoda is 99 meter tall gold as Myanmar's holiest temple

Xvlor.com Shwedagon Pagoda is 99 meter tall gold as Myanmar's holiest temple

Shwedagon became ruins until the 14th century where King Binnya U (1323-1384) rebuilt it to as high as 18 meters (59 feet), Queen Binnya Thau (1453-1472) raised higher to 40 meters (131 feet), and King Dhammazedi in 1472 went on.

A series of earthquakes over the following centuries caused damage where the 1768 earthquake dropped the upper stupa, but King Hsinbyushin raised as high as 99 meters (325 feet). King Mindon Min in 1871 added umbrela crown after annexation by the British.

The pagoda base is made of brick and gold plated, crowned with 5,448 diamonds and 2,317 rubies, while the top is decorated with 76 carat diamonds. The four entrances are staircases to a platform on Singuttara Hill where a pair of giant whitelions guard every entrance.

Most Burmese are Theravada Buddhas, though many also follow Hindu astrological practices and it has become customary to encircle Buddha stupa clockwise. Pilgrims, on their way up the pagoda staircase, buy flowers, candles, colored flags and ribbons to place on the stupa.

This stupa has become a target of looting and vandalism. In 1608 a Portuguese adventurer, Filipe de Brito e Nicote, and his men plundered the 300-ton Bell donated by King Dhammazedi in 1485. De Brito wanted to melt for a cannon, but fell into the Bago River as it crossed.

The British army landed on May 11, 1824 during the First Anglo-Burmese War and immediately occupied Shwedagon as a fortress and tunneled into the stupa to search for cannon-making material. The 23 tonne bronze bell donated by King Singu in 1779 was brought to Kolkata.

www.xvlor.com Shwedagon Pagoda is 99 meter tall gold as Myanmar's holiest temple

Xvlor Shwedagon Pagoda is 99 meter tall gold as Myanmar's holiest temple

Location: Yangon Region, Myanmar,

Routes and public transport: All flights to Yangon International Airport.

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