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Ellora Caves

Ellora Caves is one of the largest worship complex in the world located in the complex of temples in Aurangabad District, Maharashtra State, India, featuring Buddha, Hindu and Jain from 600-1000 AD. More than 100 caves and 34 temples side by side and spanning more than 2 kilometers dug in the high basalt cliff wall on Charanandri Hill displaying artistic and tolerant ancient India.

Not far from Aurangabad in Maharashtra a series of monuments present a beautiful Indian civilization and technological exploitation integrating with nature reserves devoted to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism in the spirit of tolerance as characteristic of ancient India.

Xvlor Ellora Caves is Buddhist, Hindu and Jain complex stretching on 2 km cliff

Xvlor.com Ellora Caves is Buddhist, Hindu and Jain complex stretching on 2 km cliff

Inside Cave 16 displays the largest monolithic stone in the world where the temple of Kailasha is a monument-shaped god dedicated to Shiva. The temple also features the gods and mythologies found in Vaishnavism, Shaktism and reliefs that summarize two major Hindu epics.

The caves within the area consist of 12 Buddhist caves (Caves 1-12), 17 Hindu caves (Caves 13-29) and 5 Jain caves (Caves 30-34) where each group represents the common god and mythology of the millennium the 1st CE, as well as the monasteries of each religion built adjacent to each other.

All the Ellora monuments were built during the Hindu dynasty including the Rashtrakuta dynasty which built the Hindu and Buddhist caves, while the Yadavas built a number of Jain caves. Funding for the construction of the monument is provided by nobles, businessmen and wealthy people in the region.

The hierarchy of construction construction has become a difficult debate considering the overlapping styles between Buddhists, Hindus and Jains. The emerging consensus is based on comparing the engraving styles that the Ellora cave has three important periods are the Hindu period (~550 to 600 AD), Buddhists (~600 to 730 AD), and Jain (~730 to 950 AD).

The earliest caves were probably built during the Traikutakas and Vakataka dynasties, but some of the earliest caves, such as Cave 29 (Hindu), were built by the Shiva-inspired Kalachuri dynasty, while the Buddhist cave was built by the Chalukya dynasty. The early Jaina cave was built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty, while the last Jaina cave was built by the Yadava dynasty.

www.xvlor.com Ellora Caves is Buddhist, Hindu and Jain complex stretching on 2 km cliff

Xvlor Ellora Caves is Buddhist, Hindu and Jain complex stretching on 2 km cliff

Location: Aurangabad District, Maharashtra State.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Aurangabad Airport in Aurangabad City.

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