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Sigiriya

Sigiriya or Sinhagiri or Lion Rock Sinhala is an ancient stone fort at Matale Distrik, Central Province, Sri Lanka where history and archeology fill large rocks as high as 200 meters (660 ft). A theory in the story of Culavamsa says King Kasyapa (477-495 AD) built a palace on a rock top and adorned the walls with paintings as giant galleries and surrounding parks.

Sigiriya presents spectacular scenery where a large stone stands vertically like a lighthouse where inside the castle's fortresses monitor the whole direction. King Kasyapa also built a gate in the form of a very large lion which is translated in two legs and cat's claws.

Xvlor Sigiriya is fortress and gardens as sophisticated city layout in first millennium

Xvlor.com Sigiriya is fortress and gardens as sophisticated city layout in first millennium

Today's site is UNESCO listed World Heritage Site as one of the best examples of old urban planning. Sigiriya is an ancient fortress that contains the ruins of the palace at the top where the terraces include painted gates and walls. The lower palace is located behind a luxurious lower garden and the moat protects the castle.

Sigiriya is considered one of the most important urban planning sites in the first millennium including a highly complex, sophisticated and imaginative location plan. The plan combines the concept of symmetry and asymmetry with man-made geometric and natural forms.

On the west side the rock has a garden for the nobles on a symmetrical plan. The park contains a water container structure, including a sophisticated surface for the hydraulic system below. In the south contains an artificial reservoir used for the capital which previously was the dry zone of Sri Lanka.

The paintings fill most of the rock surface in the western part as wide as 140 meters and 40 meters high. Graffiti includes 500 women, but most have been lost forever and the real identity of the women in this painting is still unconfirmed.

Some theories say the image is the king's lady and another theory is to say women's part in religious worship. These images have a close resemblance to the paintings seen in Ajanta caves in India. A wall called Mirror Wall is made of brick, covered with very fine white plaster and has 685 verses written in the 8th, 9th and 10th centuries AD.

The gardens in the city of Sigiriya are one of the most important aspects of the world's oldest landscape park. The gardens are divided into three different but interconnected forms of water parks, cave gardens, and terraced gardens. The water park is a plot surrounded by water.

Two long pools on both sides of the road and fountains are made of circular limestone slabs supplied from underground waterways. Two large islands on both sides of the park. The higher garden contains a large octagonal pond with an east corner podium. The water park is constructed symmetrically and connected with an outer moat to the west and a large artificial lake south of the Sigiriya rock.

www.xvlor.com Sigiriya is fortress and gardens as sophisticated city layout in first millennium

Xvlor Sigiriya is fortress and gardens as sophisticated city layout in first millennium

Location: Matale Distrik, Central Province.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Sigiriya Airport in Dambulla City.

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