Skip to main content

Abhayagiri Vihara

Abhayagiri Vihāra or Abhayagiri Monastery or Abhayagiri Dagaba is the main compound of Mahayana, Theravada and Vajrayana Buddhism in Anuradhapura District, North Central Province, Sri Lanka, as one of the most extensive ruins in the world and one of the holiest cities built in the 2nd century BC. Abhayagiri is one of seventeen religious units in Anuradhapura and the largest of the five major monasteries.

Anuradhapura is a monastic center and Anuradhapura is a royal capital full of magnificent monasteries with bronze roofs and pottery tiles lined with brilliant colors. Large walls and an elaborate bathing pool to the north, carved balustrades and moon stones.

Xvlor Abhayagiri Vihara is complex of Buddhist sites in Anuradhapura

Chronicles noted Abhayagiri Dagaba was founded by King Valagamba in 89-77 BC. Seven Tamil chiefs landed in Mahatittha with mighty armies attacking Anuradhapura and defeating the King. Vattagamani Abhaya gathered troops to invade Anuradhapura in 89 BC and defeat the last Tamil king.

King Vattagamani Abhaya built Abhayagiri Vihara at the site of Giri monastery. Mahatissa Thera of Kupikkala was appointed as Chief Incumbent as a token of gratitude for his support in the war against invaders. Abhayagiri then became a symbol of religion and national awakening that marked the end of Hindu Brahmin and Jain influence.

Abhayagiri grew and became increasingly important under King Gajabahu I. King Mahasena built a new building in Abhayagiri and ushered in the 3rd Abhayagiri golden age and developed into the leading Theravada Buddhist center in Sri Lanka in 412 CE as an organized religious and educational institution and has relationships with China, Java, and Kashmir.

Mahayana Buddhism and the esoteric Vajrayāna were practiced in Sri Lanka in the 8th century AD. The predominant Abhayagiri tendency of Theravada changed in the 12th century AD when the Mahāvihāra gained the political support of King Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186 CE) and completely abolished Abhayagiri's tradition.

The periodic South Indian invasion of Sena I in the 9th century led to the disintegration of the Abhayagiri monastery and the gradual destruction was inevitable. The dark era for 800 years until rediscovery in the 1880s as a scientific study in the ruins and preservation of several buildings in the early 20th century.

Although Buddhism is the state religion and the main doctrine followed by most of the population, the influence of other local beliefs especially Hinduism is enormous and is expressed in architecture. Hindu carvings and symbols are found in many features in Abhayagiri. Abhayagiri Vihara is complex of Buddhist sites in Anuradhapura

Location: Anuradhapura District, North Central Province, Sri Lanka

Routes and public transport: Flights to Anuradhapura Airport at Anuradhapura City. Another alternative is Sigiriya Airport, then drive 80 kilometers to Anuradhapura City.

Xvlor Explore Papua



List of airports in China

China is generally a land country where almost all areas have connected transportation systems, but air transport is the best choice for travel efficiency, except for travelers who seek adventure along the rivers, ferry to reach several small islands and overland journeys.

Airports are spread over many where they have two types of services. International airport to serve international and domestic routes, while domestic airports only serve inter-regional routes in the country. Below is a list of active public airports in China. This list may increase considering that many new airports are still under construction or reduced due to many relocation plans.

= City, airport name, IATA

Anqing, Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, AQGChizhou, Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport, JUHFuyang, Fuyang Xiguan Airport, FUGHefei, Hefei Xinqiao International Airport, HFEHuangshan, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, TXNWuhu/Xuancheng, Wuhu Xuancheng Airport
Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport, …

Timang Beach

Pantai Timang is coastal attraction forms the boundary between Java Island and Indian Ocean in Danggolo Sub-village, Purwodadi Village, Tepus District, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, as one of the beaches in Gunung Kidul which has white sand. The beach is in a secluded area between Siung Beach and Sundak Beach where a coral island becomes a lobster habitat.

Timang Beach traveled using vehicle from Wonosari City for about 32 kilometers where the motorcycle is the best mode to facilitate travel. This beach is flanked by beaches on the coast of Tepus where the west including Seruni, Pok Tunggal and Ngetun, while in the east are Jogan, Siung, and Nglambor.

This beach consists of two parts where the first part of the east is the white sandy beach and many pandanus plants around it, while the second part to the west is a steep hill rock that directly borders the sea and has great views of the island or a large rock offshore.

The island gets its name as Long Rock or Long Island…

Odzala-Kokoua National Park

Odzala-Kokoua National Park or Odzala National Park is a conservation area of 13,500 sq kilometers (5,200 sq mi) at the Cuvette-Ouest Department, Republic of the Congo, declared a protected area in 1935, biosphere reserves in 1977, and national parks in the year 2001 at. Odzala-Kokoua has more than 100 species of mammals and as one of the most diverse primate populations in Africa.

Odzala-Kokoua is managed by the African Parks in collaboration with the Ministry of Forest Economy, Sustainable Development and Environment of the Republic of the Congo in 2010. The park has retained the old rainforests and terrain that vary from 350 meters (1,150 feet) to forest bushy and lots of glade. The area also includes dry forests, savannahs and rainforest ecosystems.

Odzala National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Africa has been neglected for many years and suffered heavy poaching. The poaching of ivory and bushmeat remains a constant threat. African Parks began to organize in 2010 and…