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Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves is a complex of at least 29 Buddhist monuments chiseled on a cliff in the late 200s to about 480 AD in Aurangabad District, Marathwada Region, Maharashtra State, India, covering expressive paintings and sculptures that present emotions through gestures, poses and shapes as one of the best examples of ancient Indian art.

The Ajanta Caves is a masterpiece of Buddhist religious art that provides the basis of art in Indian culture. The caves were built in the first phase around the 200s BC and the second phase in about 400-650 AD as the ancient monasteries and ancient worship of various Buddhist traditions carved into 250-foot-tall rock walls.

Xvlor Ajanta Caves is 29 Buddhist monastery carved on cliff in 200s BC Ajanta Caves is 29 Buddhist monastery carved on cliff in 200s BC

The caves also present paintings depicting the lives of the past and the birth of the Buddha, pictorial stories from Aryasura's Jatakamala, and the statues of Buddhist worship. The wall full of colorful mural as the largest corpus of the ancient Indian paintings are well-preserved.

The caves serve as dormitories for monks, resting places for merchants and pilgrims. Ajanta Caves is built on a rocky cliff on the north side of a U-shaped canyon in the Waghur small river on the Deccan plateau. The canyon is the estuary of a number of waterfalls to the high river heard from outside the cave.

Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves containing Hindu, Buddhist and Jain caves about 59 kilometres (37 miles) from Jalgaon City. The Ajanta style is also found on the Ellora Caves and other sites in India. Ajanta is carved in a flood basalt rock on the Deccan cliff formed by successive mountain eruptions at the end of the Cretaceous geological period.

Horizontally layered stones have varying qualities that require artists to change the method and concept of engraving in each layer. The inability to understand the rocks also caused the collapse, as happened in the lost porch.

Excavation begins by making a narrow tunnel at the level of the roof that extends downward and outward. The sculpture artists worked on the second dig to create elaborate pillars, roofs and statues. Sculptures and paintings in the cave are integrated parallel duties.

The majority of the caves are vihara chambers within a symmetrical square where each hall has a smaller square dorm cell and enters the wall. Most of the caves were carved in the second period where the shrine or sanctuary was added in the back of the cave and centered on a large Buddha statue.

The paintings mostly tell the Jataka story is a Buddhist legend depicting the previous Buddha's birth. Fables inculcate ancient morals and cultures that also found Hindu and Jain texts. The story of Jataka is exemplified by the life and sacrifice that the Buddha made in hundreds of past incarnations and was reborn as an animal or a human being.

The paintings are on the surface of the dry plaster and feature large scenes spreading in all directions from one image or group in the middle. The ceiling is also painted in sophisticated and intricate decorative motifs. The scene concentrates more on the figure as the Buddha who left the royal life.

Ajanta caves art is the beginning of Indian culture, society and religiosity. Scientists have interpreted much in the perspective of gender studies, history, sociology, and South Asian anthropology. Dresses, jewelry, gender and social activities display the lifestyle of elites, commoners, and monks. Ajanta Caves is 29 Buddhist monastery carved on cliff in 200s BC

Xvlor Ajanta Caves is 29 Buddhist monastery carved on cliff in 200s BC

Location: Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad District, Marathwada Region, Maharashtra State.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Aurangabad Airport in Aurangabad City.

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