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Jatiluwih terraced rice field

Jatiluwih terraced rice field is a 636 hectare paddy farm which has a terraced design on the slopes at an altitude of 700 meters in the valley of Batu Karu Mountain in Jatiluwih Village, Penebel District, Tabanan Regency, Bali, Indonesia. The Subak irrigation system in Jatiluwih is a cultural heritage set by UNESCO in 2012.

Xvlor Jatiluwih terraced rice field is Balinese farm by Subak system culture

Xvlor.com Jatiluwih terraced rice field is Balinese farm by Subak system culture

Balinese culture is agriculture-based, especially wetland agriculture where rice is the staple food which in the end rituals and symbols come from rice-based cultural traditions. Gotong royong, environmental preservation, seasonal knowledge, wind, disease, pest control, and the value of Hinduism including Tri Hita Karana are covered in Subak culture.

Jatiluwih terraced rice fields have still quiet village atmosphere, beautiful, and naturally on the island where the terraced paddy fields styled in the tradition of Subak is a traditional irrigation systems based society. This area has temples, rivers and houses that are still traditional.

Subak as a social organization usually has a temple called Pura Uluncarik or Pura Bedugul specially built by landowners and farmers to glorify Dewi Sri is the goddess of prosperity and fertility. This irrigation system is governed by a traditional leader who is also a farmer.

The green revolution has led to changes to the irrigation system, new rice varieties and new farming methods where farmers have to grow rice as often as possible and ignore the needs of other farmers. But Subak system is more concerned with the needs of every farmer. Traditional wetland irrigation systems are still effective to cope with modern constraints.

The rituals performed include:
  • Mapag Toya, the ceremony takes water from a spring. The ceremony was followed by all subak members and performed on the Third Sasih (around September).
  • Ngendag Tanah Carik, the ceremony of pleading the salvation of god at the time of plowing the paddy fields done by each subak member of this procession is still in Sasih Ketiga (around September).
  • Ngurit, which is a nursery ritual performed by all subak members on their respective land in Sasih Kelima (around November).
  • Ngerasakin, the ceremony to clean the dirt (leteh) left behind when cultivating rice fields at the beginning of Sasih Kepitu (early January).
  • Pangawiwit (Nuwasen) , a ceremony to find a good day to start planting seeds done on Sasih Kepitu (early January).
  • Ngekambuhin, a ceremony to ask the salvation of god for the newly grown rice seed or 42 days old at Sasih Kewulu (February).
  • Pamungkah, the ceremony begs for the safety of rice plants grow well in Sasih Kawulu (month of February).
  • Penyepian, the ceremony begs for the safety of rice crops spared from pests in Sasih Kesanga (around March).
  • Pengegestitian Nyegara Gunung, which is carrying out the ceremony Nyegara Gunung in Pura Luhur Petali and Pura Luhur Pekendungan (March-April).
  • Mesaba, the pre-harvest ceremony at Sasih Kedasa (April) by subak members in their respective fields.
  • Ngadegang Bhatari Sri (Bhatara Nini), the ceremony symbolically visualize as Lingga-Yoni.
  • Nganyarin, the ceremony began to harvest by members of subak on each paddy field on Sasih Sada (in June).
  • Manyi, the rice harvesting activity (July).
  • Mantenin, the ceremony to raise rice to a barn or a ceremony to store rice in the barn at Sasih Karo (August).

The green revolution has led to changes to the irrigation system, new rice varieties and new farming methods where farmers have to grow rice as often as possible and ignore the needs of other farmers. But Subak system is more concerned with the needs of every farmer. Traditional wetland irrigation systems are still effective to cope with modern constraints.

Until now the farmers in Jatiluwih still use traditional methods and tools to work on rice fields including hoeing, clearing the rice fields, plowing the fields, leveling the soil and planting the seeds. The cuisine of the villagers is also based on rice.

www.xvlor.com Jatiluwih terraced rice field is Balinese farm by Subak system culture

Xvlor Jatiluwih terraced rice field is Balinese farm by Subak system culture

Location: Jatiluwih Village, Penebel District, Tabanan Regency, Bali.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar City, then drive for 50 kilometers in 1.5 hours.

Advice: February to April on usually rice plants grow high, green and yellowing. In June to July the rice crop will be harvested and has many activities undertaken by the farmers.

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