Skip to main content

Kambira Baby Grave

Kambira Baby Grave is a baby burial place in passiliran ritual by the Aluk Todolo religious community in Toraja tribe in Tongko Sarapung, Sangalla District, Tana Toraja Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, where the small bodies are placed in cavities of Tarra tree and covered by palm fibers as their home.

Passiliran funeral only for babies who died before 6 years old or still suckling and not yet teething. Kambira Baby Grave is situated among the bamboo grove that makes the sun unable to penetrate into the hilly complex of 782 meters high. The people of Aluk Todolo believe that babies who die before teething are babies who are still sacred.

Xvlor Kambira Baby Grave is passiliran burial by Torajan Aluk Todolo religion Kambira Baby Grave is passiliran burial by Torajan Aluk Todolo religion

The babies must be returned to their mother's womb by putting them in the tarra tree. Teaching Aluk Todolo believes the treatment will save the babies who will be born in the future. The tarra tree grows very large, has a stem diameter of about 80-100 centimeters and has a lot of sap that the community believes as a substitute for breast milk.

The living tarra tree will be carved to get a hole the size of a baby. The hole became the grave of the baby's remains laid bare and without any wrapping, then the hole closed again using the fibers of the Enau Tree.

The uniqueness of the passiliran cemetery is not to produce odors, even though the holes of the tree contain corpses. The holes will close by itself after 20 years where the tree is not overcrowded with babies and is worried about the lack of places for funerals.

Just like the graves in the Aluk Todolo culture in Toraja where the placement of infants in the tarra trees follows the social strata of their family in real life. The higher the baby's hole in the tree will show the height of the social status of the family. The burial pit is also determined by the direction of their family home.

Another baby grave is Sarapung Baby Grave located about 300 meters from Kambira Baby Grave. The tarra tree in Sarapung has a smaller diameter than Kambira, but is still growing with twigs, more branches and dense leaves. Both have a distance of 9 kilometers from Makale City.

The dead babies will live and grow with the growth of tarra trees. Cutting down trees means the same as cutting off the survival of a deceased baby. This is a taboo in the religion of Aluk Todolo. Kambira Baby Grave is passiliran burial by Torajan Aluk Todolo religion

Xvlor Kambira Baby Grave is passiliran burial by Torajan Aluk Todolo religion

Location: Kambira Baby Grave and Sarapung Baby Grave in Tongko Sarapung, Sangalla District, Tana Toraja Regency, South Sulawesi Province.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Pongtiku Airport at Makale City. Then drive for 9 kilometers to Kambira Baby Grave and Sarapung Baby Grave.

Xvlor Explore Papua



Asmat Cultural Festival

Asmat Cultural Festival is an annual event for the legendary carving of Asmat Tribe held at Yos Sudarso Square in Agats City, Asmat Regency, Papua Province, Indionesia. Cultural festivals include woodcarving exhibitions and auctions presented by hundreds of artisans and artists who will showcase their outstanding skills in sculpting, weaving, boating, various dances and traditional music performances.

Located in Papua Province, the Asmat community is well known for its rituals and natural talents to make carvings on wood without any sketches. These high-value fine carvings are connected with ancestral spirits in a very distinctive style that has been the concern of anthropologists and fills in the auction events, exhibitions and museums of the world.

The Asmat population is divided into those who live on the coast and those who live in the interior of the rainforest. These two populations differ from one another in terms of dialect, way of life, social structure and ritual. The coasta…

Lower Zambezi National Park

The Lower Zambezi National Park is a conservation area of 4,092 sq kilometers across with 120 kilometers along the northern edge of the Zambezi River in Lusaka Province, Zambia, declared in 1983 which was previously a private game reserve of the Zambian president. The park sits on the Zambezi floodplain and one of the few remaining wilderness areas in Africa.

The park has a sloping gentle topography from the Zambezi Escarpment to the Zambezi River with two major forest prairier ecoregions that are distinguished by two dominant tree species. The Miombo Forest (Brachystegia) in the higher ground in the north and and the Mopane Forest (Colophospermum mopane) on the lower slopes of the south are interspersed with white acacia (Faidherbia albida).


The Lower Zambezi Valley includes the Lower Zambezi National Park and Game Management Areas (GMA's) around it are rich in biodiversity. The banks of the river are flood plains mostly diasporus, ficus and other river species. Forests, wet…

El Paraíso

El Paraíso is a site of mysterious ruins built in the Late Preceramic or Cotton Preceramic period (3500-1800 BCE) or an aceramic site of 0.58 sq kilometers in Chillon River Valley, San Martín de Porres District, Lima Province, Peru . The area was once occupied briefly by a group of cultures for at least 300 to 400 years and the estimated population is 1500 and 3000 people.

The ruins of the Andean Preceramic stone structure have long been a debate among archaeologists calling the Late Preceramic period, while Fréderic Engel (1957) refers to Cotton Preceramic. Pozorski and Pozorski (2008) argue El Paraíso is an "aceramic" site because at that time many other areas have ceramics.

The purpose of the site is also still mysterious given the lack of sediment, the presence of burial or grave areas, and the construction of thick walls consisting of rocks dug in local hills which confirm the theory that the site is not a residential or domestic complex. The evidence precisely promotes…