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Los Pingüinos Natural Monument

Los Pingüinos Natural Monument or Monumento Natural Los Pingüinos is an area of 60,000 pairs of Magellan penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) on Magdalena Island and Marta Island in the middle of the Strait of Magellan or located 35 km (22 miles) northeast of Punta Arenas, Magallanes Province, Chile, as the largest penguin colony in southern Chile.

Magdalena Island covering an area of 85 hectares and Marta Island has an area of 12 hectares where before the 16th century inhabited by three pre-Hispanic native cultures are Selknam, Yaghan and Kawesqar who spend a lot of time fishing in the sea, rather than being on the island.

Xvlorr Los Pingüinos Natural Monument is the home islands of Magellan penguins Los Pingüinos Natural Monument is the home islands of Magellan penguins

Selknam was forced to leave after the Spanish invaders brought the sheep into the area and removed the guanaco habitat was an animal similar to alpaca. Yaghan and Kawesqar also eventually left the area due to colonial pressure.

Los Pingüinos Natural Monument was founded in 1966 in an effort to protect the Magellan penguins from the threat of fishing where penguins ate the same species as the target of the fishing industry and the high level of fishing depleted the penguin food sources and caused the population to decline.

The monument gained a 30-kilometer no-fishing zone around the island in 1982 and the penguin population has recovered. Penguin Magellan continues to grow in this island where in 2000 to 2007 increased by 6%. Some penguins have migrated to other nearby islands because Magdalena runs out of space.

The area has an average temperature of 46 F, during winter falls below zero, and during the summer reaches 64 F. The average annual rainfall is 17 inches. Very few species of flora may be caused by the cold, windy climate, and rocky substrates that make up the island.

Other important fauna include imperial shag, sea lions and south American fur seals that regularly rest on the islands and two species of gull are dolphin gull and the common gull. Some rocky coastlines support the shellfish population.

S. magellanicus is not an endangered species, but is almost a threatened species due to habitat loss and resource scarcity in many areas of South America. Penguins in Magdalena have much higher birth rates and child survival rates than in other nesting grounds that have been disturbed by human activity.

Monumento Natural Los Pingüinos has a very important role as an ideal source for penguins where low predators, high food abundance, and isolation of islands from human activity, especially when the islands are closed to tourists. Los Pingüinos Natural Monument is the home islands of Magellan penguins

Xvlorr Los Pingüinos Natural Monument is the home islands of Magellan penguins

Location: Magdalena Island and Marta Island, Magallanes Province, Chile.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport in Punta Arenas City, then use the ferry to Magdalena Island and Marta Island as far as 35 km (22 mi) in an hour.

Advice: The islands are not inhabited by humans where CONAF (National Forest Corporation of Chile) manages the monument in an effort to support Magellan penguin populations and tourism activities side by side.

The Penguins Natural Monument is open from October to March. Travelers are prohibited to visit beyond the period of those months to prevent disturbance in breeding activities. Tourism is also closed during winter where the weather is very bad and only a few pinguins in that place.

A small museum on the island to encourage travelers to learn about the history of monuments and biological facts about penguins. The island also has a lighthouse and climbs a spiral staircase to a 14 meter high peak to get a view of the island. and the surrounding ocean

Travelers stay on marked trails and should not cross the line to avoid penguins from stress. The path is 850 meters long and still leaves a large area inaccessible to humans. A trip to Magdalena Island requires an hour-long ferry ride where most tour companies show video information and discuss what to do during a visit to the island.

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