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Kilimanjaro National Park

Kilimanjaro National Park is three volcanic cones of Uhuru Peak (5,895 meters, 19,341 feet) in Kibo, Mawenzi Peak (5,149 meters, 16,893 feet) and Shira Peak (4,005 meters, 13,140 ft) is an inactive stratovolcano inside Kilimanjaro National Park in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania, as the highest mountain in Africa and has been the subject of much scientific research where glaciers are shrinking and the expanse of lost ice fields.

Kilimanjaro is a large stratovolcano and consists of three different volcanic cones are the inactive Kibo but can erupt again, while Mawenzi and Shira are completely dead. The summit of Uhuru is the highest peak in Kibo where Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller were the first to have recorded the summit in 1889.

Xvlor Mount Kilimanjaro is stratovolcano with peaks of Uhuru, Mawenzi and Shira

Xvlor.com Mount Kilimanjaro is stratovolcano with peaks of Uhuru, Mawenzi and Shira

The eruption activity in the Shira center began about 2.5 million years ago and the last important phase occurred about 1.9 million years ago or just before the northern part collapsed, while Mawenzi and Kibo began to erupt about 1 million years ago. All three are separated by the Saddle Plateau at an altitude of 4,400 meters (14,400 feet).

Kilimanjaro has five stages including bushland at 800m - 1,800m (2,600ft - 5,900ft), Rainweald at 1,800m - 2,800m (5,900ft - 9,200ft), Heath and Moorland at 2,800m - 4,000m (9,200ft - 13,100ft ), Highland Barrens at 4,000m - 5,000m (13,100ft - 16,400ft) and Ice Cap at 5,000m - 5,895m (16,400ft - 19,341ft).

Biodiversity

Mount Kilimanjaro is surrounded by 1,000 square kilometers (250,000 hectares) of forest where foothill is a cultivated field of coffee, corn, beans and sunflowers. The remnants of savanna vegetation contain Acacia, Combretum, Terminalia, Grewia, Strombosia, Newtonia, and Entandrophragma on inaccessible valleys and canyons. In the montane forests of the southern slopes are Ocotea usambarensis, ferns, and epiphytes.

Cloud forest is Podocarpus latifolius, Hagenia abyssinica, Erica excelsa and moss dependent on fog. On the northern dry slopes are olive, Croton-Calodendrum, Cassipourea, and Juniperus. Erica's bushes grow between 3,100 meters (10,200 feet) to 3,900 meters (12,800 feet), Helichrysum grows up to 4,500 meters (14,800 feet).

Large and rare animals in Kilimanjaro live in the forest and the lower part, including elephants, cape buffaloes, bushbucks, chameleons, dik-diks, duikers, mongoose, sunbirds, and warthogs. Zebras and hyenas have been sporadically observed in the Shira plateau. Specific species associated with the mountain include Kilimanjaro is a shrew and Kinyongia tavetana chameleon.

Trekking

At least seven official trekking routes for climbing and descending to Mount Kilimanjaro are Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. Machame is widely claimed to be the most beautiful, yet the most difficult route. Lemosho and Northern Circuit also have similar claims.

Machame routes usually take 6 or 7 days, Lemosho can be done in 6 to 8 days, and the Northern Circuit route in 7 days or more. Marangu is an easy route, has accommodation and cottage facilities, but tends to be very busy and has the same up and down trails. Rongai is is a wonderful place to camp.

www.xvlor.com Mount Kilimanjaro is stratovolcano with peaks of Uhuru, Mawenzi and Shira

Xvlor Mount Kilimanjaro is stratovolcano with peaks of Uhuru, Mawenzi and Shira

Location: Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro National Park in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania

Routes and public transport: Penerbangan ke Kilimanjaro International Airport

Advice: Traveling to the top of Kilimanjaro is fun and technically easier than the Himalayas and the Andes, but it is advisable to prepare physically, conduct appropriate research and ensure equipment. Elevation, low temperature, and strong winds make it more difficult and dangerous.

Acclimatization is very important. A small study in July and August 2005 found 61.3 percent successful and 77 percent experienced acute mountain sickness (AMS) defined in headache, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting or loss of appetite. These health risks increase substantially where the very fast climbing schedule is usually motivated by cost saving and busy schedules.

Xvlor.com Mount Kilimanjaro is stratovolcano with peaks of Uhuru, Mawenzi and Shira

A six-day Machame route involving one night "low sleep" can delay AMS but ultimately does not prevent the occurrence. A daily dose of 250 milligrams of acetazolamide reduced the risk of AMS by 48 percent. Only boiled or chemically treated water is acceptable for drinking.

Climbing Kilimanjaro is done all year round, but the dry season in early December to early March and late June to late October is considered the best time to climb in terms of weather. January to mid-March is the hottest, clear skies and rain sometimes appear briefly.

Long rainy season in late March to early June. It's very wet and visibility is low due to thick clouds. Mid-June to late October is generally a little colder, but drier. The short rainy season is early November to early December where rainy afternoon is common, but the sky is clear in the morning and evening.

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