Skip to main content

My Son

Mỹ Sơn temple is the ruins of Hindu temples complex built by the Champa Dynasty (Chiêm Thành) in Duy Phú Village, Duy Xuyên District, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam, at 380 AD - 413 AD which is abandoned and partially destroyed. The rows of temples are dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva known by various local names including Bhadreshvara.

Mỹ Sơn temples sit in a valley surrounded by two mountains where in the 4th until the 14th century BC became a place of religious ceremonies for the kings of Champa, the burial place of Cham nobility and national heroes. The site includes over 70 temples and many important historical inscriptions in Sanskrit and Cham.

Xvlor My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

The complex is probably the longest-lived archaeological site in Indochina, but most of the structure was destroyed by a one-week US bombing in the Vietnam War. The area is considered one of the most prominent Hindu temple complexes in Southeast Asia.

Mỹ Sơn is often juxtaposed with other Southeast Asian temples, such as Borobudur in Indonesia, Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and Bagan in Myanmar. In 1999, Mỹ Sơn was recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site as an example of evolution, cultural change, and evidence of extinct Asian civilization.

The first document shows Mỹ Sơn associated King Fànúúá who ruled from 380 AD to 413 AD and who spent the last part of the government fighting against the occupied northern Vietnamese population. King Bhadravarman built a lingam hall to worship Shiva by the name of Bhadreśvara.

Bhadresvara Temple was destroyed by fire and King Sambhuvarman who ruled in 577 AD until 629 AD rebuilt the temple to name Sambhu-Bhadresvara. In 605 AD, Chinese general Liu Fang led a large army to the South where the Sambhuvarman elephant troops collapsed and the Cham's capital deprivation included more than a thousand Buddhist books and gold.

The Chinese occupation was attacked by an epidemic that killed large numbers of troops, including Liu Fang. Sambhuvarman returned to the kingdom to begin the rebuilding process and made sure to send a regular delivery of homage to the Chinese government to prevent repeated invasions.

King Prakasadharma ruled Champa at 653 AD until 687 and extended the border of Champa to the South, sending ambassadors and tributes to China. Prakasadharma is the king of Champa who devoted himself not only to Shiva, but also to Vishnu.

The next kings renovated and built new temples in various sizes. Isanabhadresvara Temple was built in the 10th century AD. Mỹ Sơn became the center of religious, cultural civilization Cham in central Vietnam, the burial place of kings and religious leaders.

Viet forces attacked the Cham in the early 15th century AD where the Mỹ Sơn complex was not used anymore and largely forgotten. In 1898 the French M. C. Paris reported the complex Mỹ Sơn and École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO) began to conduct research and publish to the journal in 1904.

Historians classify Champa's legacy into seven artistic styles or developmental phases in which six of the styles are represented in Mỹ Sơn. Most of the temples are made of red bricks and only one temple is made of stone. The construction techniques used by Cham builders are still not fully understood, including brick and decorative carvings. My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

Xvlor My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

Location: Duy Phú Village, Duy Xuyên District, Quảng Nam Province.

Routes and public transport: Penerbangan ke Da Nang International Airport di Da Nang City.

Xvlor Explore Papua



Asmat Cultural Festival

Asmat Cultural Festival is an annual event for the legendary carving of Asmat Tribe held at Yos Sudarso Square in Agats City, Asmat Regency, Papua Province, Indionesia. Cultural festivals include woodcarving exhibitions and auctions presented by hundreds of artisans and artists who will showcase their outstanding skills in sculpting, weaving, boating, various dances and traditional music performances.

Located in Papua Province, the Asmat community is well known for its rituals and natural talents to make carvings on wood without any sketches. These high-value fine carvings are connected with ancestral spirits in a very distinctive style that has been the concern of anthropologists and fills in the auction events, exhibitions and museums of the world.

The Asmat population is divided into those who live on the coast and those who live in the interior of the rainforest. These two populations differ from one another in terms of dialect, way of life, social structure and ritual. The coasta…

Lower Zambezi National Park

The Lower Zambezi National Park is a conservation area of 4,092 sq kilometers across with 120 kilometers along the northern edge of the Zambezi River in Lusaka Province, Zambia, declared in 1983 which was previously a private game reserve of the Zambian president. The park sits on the Zambezi floodplain and one of the few remaining wilderness areas in Africa.

The park has a sloping gentle topography from the Zambezi Escarpment to the Zambezi River with two major forest prairier ecoregions that are distinguished by two dominant tree species. The Miombo Forest (Brachystegia) in the higher ground in the north and and the Mopane Forest (Colophospermum mopane) on the lower slopes of the south are interspersed with white acacia (Faidherbia albida).


The Lower Zambezi Valley includes the Lower Zambezi National Park and Game Management Areas (GMA's) around it are rich in biodiversity. The banks of the river are flood plains mostly diasporus, ficus and other river species. Forests, wet…

El Paraíso

El Paraíso is a site of mysterious ruins built in the Late Preceramic or Cotton Preceramic period (3500-1800 BCE) or an aceramic site of 0.58 sq kilometers in Chillon River Valley, San Martín de Porres District, Lima Province, Peru . The area was once occupied briefly by a group of cultures for at least 300 to 400 years and the estimated population is 1500 and 3000 people.

The ruins of the Andean Preceramic stone structure have long been a debate among archaeologists calling the Late Preceramic period, while Fréderic Engel (1957) refers to Cotton Preceramic. Pozorski and Pozorski (2008) argue El Paraíso is an "aceramic" site because at that time many other areas have ceramics.

The purpose of the site is also still mysterious given the lack of sediment, the presence of burial or grave areas, and the construction of thick walls consisting of rocks dug in local hills which confirm the theory that the site is not a residential or domestic complex. The evidence precisely promotes…