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Mỹ Sơn temple is the ruins of Hindu temples complex built by the Champa Dynasty (Chiêm Thành) in Duy Phú Village, Duy Xuyên District, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam, at 380 AD - 413 AD which is abandoned and partially destroyed. The rows of temples are dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva known by various local names including Bhadreshvara.

Mỹ Sơn temples sit in a valley surrounded by two mountains where in the 4th until the 14th century BC became a place of religious ceremonies for the kings of Champa, the burial place of Cham nobility and national heroes. The site includes over 70 temples and many important historical inscriptions in Sanskrit and Cham.

Xvlor My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

Xvlor.com My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

The complex is probably the longest-lived archaeological site in Indochina, but most of the structure was destroyed by a one-week US bombing in the Vietnam War. The area is considered one of the most prominent Hindu temple complexes in Southeast Asia.

Mỹ Sơn is often juxtaposed with other Southeast Asian temples, such as Borobudur in Indonesia, Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and Bagan in Myanmar. In 1999, Mỹ Sơn was recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site as an example of evolution, cultural change, and evidence of extinct Asian civilization.

The first document shows Mỹ Sơn associated King Fànúúá who ruled from 380 AD to 413 AD and who spent the last part of the government fighting against the occupied northern Vietnamese population. King Bhadravarman built a lingam hall to worship Shiva by the name of Bhadreśvara.

Bhadresvara Temple was destroyed by fire and King Sambhuvarman who ruled in 577 AD until 629 AD rebuilt the temple to name Sambhu-Bhadresvara. In 605 AD, Chinese general Liu Fang led a large army to the South where the Sambhuvarman elephant troops collapsed and the Cham's capital deprivation included more than a thousand Buddhist books and gold.

The Chinese occupation was attacked by an epidemic that killed large numbers of troops, including Liu Fang. Sambhuvarman returned to the kingdom to begin the rebuilding process and made sure to send a regular delivery of homage to the Chinese government to prevent repeated invasions.

King Prakasadharma ruled Champa at 653 AD until 687 and extended the border of Champa to the South, sending ambassadors and tributes to China. Prakasadharma is the king of Champa who devoted himself not only to Shiva, but also to Vishnu.

The next kings renovated and built new temples in various sizes. Isanabhadresvara Temple was built in the 10th century AD. Mỹ Sơn became the center of religious, cultural civilization Cham in central Vietnam, the burial place of kings and religious leaders.

Viet forces attacked the Cham in the early 15th century AD where the Mỹ Sơn complex was not used anymore and largely forgotten. In 1898 the French M. C. Paris reported the complex Mỹ Sơn and École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO) began to conduct research and publish to the journal in 1904.

Historians classify Champa's legacy into seven artistic styles or developmental phases in which six of the styles are represented in Mỹ Sơn. Most of the temples are made of red bricks and only one temple is made of stone. The construction techniques used by Cham builders are still not fully understood, including brick and decorative carvings.

www.xvlor.com My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

Xvlor My Sơn is Shiva temples complex built by Champa dynasty in 380 AD

Location: Duy Phú Village, Duy Xuyên District, Quảng Nam Province.

Routes and public transport: Penerbangan ke Da Nang International Airport di Da Nang City.

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