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Plain of Jars

Plain of Jars is a megalithic archaeological landscape in Xiangkhoang Plateau also known Xiangkhouang Plateau or Plateau du Tran-Ninh, Xiangkhouang Province, about 400 kilometers northeast of Vientiane. Laos. The area consists of thousands of stone jars spread around the valleys of the plateau and the foot of the hill where the jars are arranged in groups ranging from one to several hundred.

The Xieng Khouang Plateau is located at the northern end of Annamese Cordillera as the main mountain of Indochina. The researchers gave site theory related to prehistoric burial practice with the discovery of human skeletons, burial stuffs and ceramics in the vicinity. The Jars Plain refers to the Iron Age (500 BC to AD 500) and one of the most important prehistoric sites in Southeast Asia.

Xvlor Plain of Jars is megalithic burial landscape in Xiangkhoang Plateau

Xvlor.com Plain of Jars is megalithic burial landscape in Xiangkhoang Plateau

More than 90 jar sites have been identified in Xiangkhouang Province where each site has one to 400 stone jars in variations in height and diameter between 1 meter and 3 meters. The cylindrical shape with the bottom is always wider than the top. All containers have disc covers and are decorated with basic human reliefs carved on the outside.

The jars lay in groups in the lower foothills and the mountains surrounding the plateau. At least five types of rocks have been identified are sandstones, granites, conglomerates, limestone and breccias. The majority are sandstone which assumed the makers use an iron chisel to carve, although there is no conclusive evidence for this.

A cave is a natural limestone formation with a hole in the northwest and two man-made holes at the top. The hole is considered a chimney for the crematorium to support the funeral rite theory. Researchers also noted organic black, colored glass beads, burnt teeth and bone fragments.

Around the stone jar was also found human bones, broken pottery, metal objects and bronze objects, glass beads and stones, ceramics and charcoal. Bones and teeth in the jars show signs of cremation, while the burials around them produce unburned secondary bleeding bones.

Excavations between 1994 and 1996 interpreted as a central or secondary cemetery of the central person and surrounded by the secondary burial of family members. Variations in the practice of cremation in jars and secondary burials outside the jars have proved difficult to explain.

www.xvlor.com Plain of Jars is megalithic burial landscape in Xiangkhoang Plateau

Xvlor Plain of Jars is megalithic burial landscape in Xiangkhoang Plateau

Location: Xiangkhoang Plateau, Xiangkhouang Province.

Routes and public transport: All flights to Xieng Khouang Airport at Phonsavan City, Xiangkhouang Province. Another alternative by bus from Vientiane to Phonsavan City takes about 10-12 hours.

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