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State Hermitage Museum

The State Hermitage Museum is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia, as the world's largest museum founded in 1764 when the Empress Catherine the Great obtained a collection of paintings from Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky. The museum is open to the public since 1852 and is celebrated every year on December 7th known as Saint Catherine's Day.

The State Hermitage Museum features over three million items including the largest collection of paintings in the world that occupies a large complex of six historic buildings along the Palace Embankment, including the former Russian Emperor's Winter Palace. Other collections are stored in a storage and are not open to the public.

Xvlor State Hermitage Museum is Catherine the Minerva as the world's largest

Xvlor.com State Hermitage Museum is Catherine the Minerva as the world's largest

The complex also includes the Menshikov Palace, the Museum of Porcelain, the Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya and the east wing of the General Staff Building. The museum also has several exhibition centers in many countries. The Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage, New Hermitage and Hermitage Theater buildings are open to the public.

Collection

About 120 rooms on the first floor and two of the four main buildings containing a collection of Western European art include paintings and sculptures from the 13th century to the 20th century. Since 1940 it features an Egyptian collection in a large hall on the ground floor in the eastern part of Winter Palace as part of Classical Antiquities. Collection from Ancient Mesopotamia, including Assyrian reliefs from Babylon, Dur-Sharrukin and Nimrud in the same building.

Artifacts including the ancient Greeks from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century AD, Helenenistic sculptures and jewelery, Italic Art from the 2nd century BC to the 9th century AD, the Roman marble and bronze sculpture and the applied art of 1st century BC to 4th century AD

On the ground floor in the west wing of Winter Palace is a collection of prehistoric artifacts and the art of the Caucasus. The prehistoric artifacts originated from Paleolithic to Iron Age from all over Russia and other parts of the former Soviet Union and Russian Empire including the arts and cultures of the Altai nomadic tribes from the Pazyryk and Bashadar sites. The oldest carpets and wooden trains from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd AD, Urartu artifacts from Armenia, Western Armenia, and Teishebaini.

History

Catherine the Great started his art collection in 1764 by purchasing paintings from Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky. The collection includes Rembrandt (13 works), Rubens (11), Jacob Jordaens (7), Anthony van Dyck (5), Paolo Veronese (5), Frans Hals (3), Raphael (2), Holbein (2), Titian, Jan Steen, Hendrik Goltzius, Dirck van Baburen, Hendrick van Balen and Gerrit van Honthorst.

In 1769, Catherine purchased the Brühl collection of more than 600 paintings. Three years later purchased the Crozat collection, in 1779 obtained a collection of 198 paintings from London, and in 1781 a collection of 119 paintings from Paris.

In 1764, Catherine commissioned Yury Felten to construct a building east of the Winter Palace and finished in 1766, then the Southern Hermitage Pavilion. In 1767-1769 the Northern Pavilion was built, in 1767 and 1775 connected by a gallery where Catherine placed the collection.

The Hermitage building serves as a home and workplace for nearly a thousand people, including the Imperial family. The building also serves as a luxury venue for all types of Russian relics and displays art collections. Many events are held in these buildings including large receptions and ceremonies for state and government officials.

Catherine collected more than 4,000 paintings, 38,000 books, 10,000 ornate gems, 10,000 pictures, 16,000 coins and medals, and thousands of other impressive pieces of art in many sizes and grades that outperform older and more prestigious Western European museums.

Catherine invests most of her identity to be a patron of art and loves the god Minerva who has characteristics in the classical tradition as a symbol of military prowess, wisdom, and patronage. Catherine the Minerva created a new literary and cultural institution and also participated in many projects and traditions known as enlightened patronage in Russia.

The 1917 Revolution proclaimed the Imperial Hermitage and Winter Palace as a state museum and was eventually combined. The exhibition ranges extend even further with a collection of private art from several Russian Tsarist palaces and many private homes that were nationalized and distributed among the major Soviet state museums.

www.xvlor.com State Hermitage Museum is Catherine the Minerva as the world's largest

Xvlor State Hermitage Museum is Catherine the Minerva as the world's largest

Location: Palace Square, Saint Petersburg, Russian.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Pulkovo Airport at Saint Petersburg City.

Official site: http://hermitagemuseum.org

Contact: State Hermitage. Russia, 190000, St Petersburg, Dvortsovaya Naberezhnaya (Embankment), 34

Advice: Tickets for foreign tourists are more expensive than those paid by Russians and Belarusians. However, the entrance is free on the first Thursday of every month for all visitors, free daily for students and children. The museum is closed on Mondays. The entrance for individual visitors is located in Winter Palace which is accessed from the Courtyard.

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