Transportation in Indonesia

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world that spans 5,120 kilometers (3,181 miles) from east to west, 1,760 kilometers (1,094 miles) from north to south and an area of 1,904,569 sq kilometres (735,358 sq miles). It has at least 13,466 islands where 6,000 of them have been inhabited by people who mostly live in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua.

Indonesia shares the land border with Malaysia in Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the islands of New Guinea and East Timor on Timor island. Indonesia shares maritime borders across the narrow strait with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Palau to the north, and Australia to the south.

Xvlor Transportation in Indonesia

At 4,884 meters (16,024 feet), Puncak Jaya is the highest peak in Indonesia, and Lake Sentani is the largest lake. The largest rivers in Indonesia are in Kalimantan and Papua, including Kapuas, Barito, Mamberamo, Sepik and Mahakam. The rivers are the communication and transport links between the river settlements on the island.

Exploring Indonesia is endless, it may take for months to come to one beauty at a time throughout the region. Choosing is the decision to be taken when a vacation must limit the time limit available for the journey to become more efficient. The first step for all is the selection of modes of transportation.


This is one of the easiest decisions in some major cities where many public modes are available, including trains, buses, taxis, car rentals, motorbike rentals, bicycle rentals to traditional pedicabs and horse-drawn carriages. You can also easily download Uber, Grab, Go-Jek and more.

Renting a vehicle is probably the right choice where you will be more free to get around to beautiful places. Rent a car is Rp300,000 (US$22) to Rp600,000 (US$44) per 24 hours without driver, but it's good to add Rp100,000 (US$7,5) to pay a driver where useful as a guide and here is the right steering wheel.

If you are a single traveler or two people, renting a motorbike becomes a top choice for adventurers. There are many motorcycle rental services in the city, including on-road motorcycles to motocross for Rp50,000 (US$3.5) to Rp150,000 (US$11) including helmets and raincoats. Pay a few days at once to get a discount.

The railway serves the travelers for inter-city routes. This mode is operated by state-owned PT KA and is only available in big cities on the Java and a small part of the Sumatra. These shuttles have different costs depending on the service classes, although for the same route.

Useful pages:
PT. KA Indonesia:


Airplanes are a great choice if you need long-distance travel to reach destinations between islands in an instant. International airports are generally in the provincial capitals and other big cities, while hundreds of domestic airports are spread across many small towns and small islands.

Very many airlines and aircraft charter companies operate in Indonesian territory and there is no problem for this. You can use the online application for ticket booking. The main problem is probably the scheduling to adjust your vacation time, so book ahead for long.

If a tourist destination is Papua and West Papua, you should prepare to use air transport as the only way to reach inland that lacks roads, limited land transportation and no rail mode here.

Useful pages:
List of airports in Indonesia: List airports


Sea vessel transportation is an option for regular cross-island travel which is generally dominated by the services of two state-owned companies are PT Pelni and ASDP Indonesia Ferry (PT Transport River, Lake, and Indonesian Ferry Crossing), although many private companies that serve this mode of transportation .

PT Pelni used large vessels to serve the farthest routes, reaching ports across Indonesia and sailing for days, while Indonesia Ferry used small-time vessels generally to serve river transport and strait crossings.

If you are traveling to Kalimantan then river and lake transportation is the best option for reaching forests and entering the interior of the island. Many speedboat and longboat services on the island have become the daily mode of transportation by people in Kalimantan.

Speedboat and longboat are also widely used to reach small islands in various regions in Indonesia. This service includes both regular and charter routes per day or hourly.

Useful pages:
PT Pelni:
ASDP Indonesia Ferry: