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Vieng Xai Caves

Vieng Xai Caves or Vieng xay Caves or Vieng Sai Caves is an extensive cave network in the limestone mountains of Vieng Xai District, Hua Phan Province, Laos, where 480 caves were used by Pathet Lao during the Second Indochina War to shelter from the United States bombing. Over 23,000 people live in caves, including a hospital, school, office, shops and theater.

Xvlor Vieng Xai Caves is hidden city to avoid bombardment by US Air Force Vieng Xai Caves is hidden city to avoid bombardment by US Air Force

Hua Phan Province is home to Communist soldiers who fight against the royal forces in Vientiane. Caves are used for residence and farmers have to farm at night to avoid heavy bombardment by U. S. Air Force. Viengxay became a logistical support base because it is close to the Vietnam border.

The political situation in Laos was influential throughout this region in the 1960s where Pathet Lao headquarters was in a fertile mountain valley and limestone cliffs. The United States believes that Laos is crucial in preventing communist expansions and this small is caught in the conflict between the US and North Vietnam.

In 1964, the United States began a very intensive bombing in this country for 9 years where many bombs were dropped carelessly for cleaning. Pathet Lao moved east to Vieng Xay and the limestone karst cave network protected their base during the guerrilla against the US-backed kingdom. The caves became the "Hidden City" which housed over 20,000 people.

They took shelter in the caves and surrounding forests to avoid a constant bombing for nine years. Everyday lives under darkness where schools, hospitals, markets, offices, radio stations, theaters and military barracks are hidden inside the cave. In 1973 a ceasefire stopped the bombing and ViengXay's new city was founded. Vieng Xai Caves is hidden city to avoid bombardment by US Air Force

Xvlor Vieng Xai Caves is hidden city to avoid bombardment by US Air Force

Location: Vieng Xai Caves, Vieng Xai District, Hua Phan Province, Laos.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Nathong Airport in Sam Neua City, then use the bus to Vieng Xai Caves for 30 kilometers.

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