Wat Phu

Wat Phu or Vat Phou or Vat Phu is the ruins of Khmer temple at the base of Phu kao mountain, Pakse City, Champasack Province, southern Laos, about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) from the Mekong. A temple on the site goes back to the 5th century, but the remaining structures date from the 11th century to 13th century. Temple has elements where the lingam is dedicated to Lord Shiva in Hinduism, but turned into a Theravada Buddhist center of worship.

Xvlor Wat Phu is mysterious ruins of Shiva Hinduism and Theravada Buddhist

Xvlor.com Wat Phu is mysterious ruins of Shiva Hinduism and Theravada Buddhist

Vat Phu is associated with the town of Shrestapura on the banks of the Mekong river east of Mount Phou Khao or Lingaparvata Mountain in the 5th century as the capital of a kingdom that is linked to the Chenla and Champa Kingdoms and the first structure on the mountain which is considered the house of Shiva and the river representing the sea or Gangga River.

This temple is naturally dedicated to Shiva, while the water from the spring that appears just behind the temple is considered sacred. Wat Phu was part of the Khmer Empire centered in Angkor in the southwest at the reign of Yasovarman I in the early 10th century.

The Shrestapura was replaced by a new city in the days of Angkorian which lies to the south of the temple. The original building has been replaced and several stone blocks into the temple structure that is now seen built during Koh Ker and Baphuon in the 11th century. Small changes were made over the next two centuries to Theravada Buddhism.

Vat Phou is oriented eastward like most Khmer temples, although the shaft is really facing the eight degrees determined mainly by mountain and river orientations, including baray or reservoirs. Two palaces stand on the terrace on either side of the axis known as the north and south palaces or man's and women's palaces.

Each consists of a rectangular yard with a corridor and an entrance on the side toward the axis. The gardens of both buildings have a wall where the corridor wall of the northern palace is laterite, while the southern palace is sandstone. The famous palace is mainly the Angkor Wat pediment and lintel structure.

www.xvlor.com Vat Phou is mysterious ruins of Shiva Hinduism and Theravada Buddhist

Xvlor Vat Phou is mysterious ruins of Shiva Hinduism and Theravada Buddhist

Location: Pakse City, Champasack Province, Laos

Routes and public transport: Flights to Pakse International Airport in Pakse City.

Advice: The site is open to the public both for religious activities and tourist visits. The site also features a museum to store artifacts of several centuries temple complexes, such as Shiva, Vishnu, Nandin and Buddha statues.

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