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Ananda Temple

Ananda Temple or Ananda Pagoda or Ananda Pahto or Ananda Phaya is one of four still-complete temples in the Old Bagan complex, Mandalay Region, Myanmar, as a Buddhist temple built in 1105 AD by King Kyanzittha (1084-1113) of the Pagan Dynasty. Ananda Temple was damaged by an earthquake in 1975, but has been fully restored and well-preserved.

Ananda Temple has a cross layout with several terraces leading to a small pagoda at the top covered by an umbrella or crown known as hti or the top decoration found in almost any pagoda ever built in Myanmar. The Buddhist temple keeps four statues of Buddha standing facing north, east, south and west.

Xvlor Ananda Temple is the most pagoda in Old Bagan built by King Kyanzittha Ananda Temple is the most pagoda in Old Bagan built by King Kyanzittha

In the temple yard was built a monastery building named Ananda Oak Kyaung or Ananda brick monastery. The small monastery was built in 1137 with an 18th-century mural depicting the landscape of the Buddha's life. The base of the temple is surrounded by a high wall, where four large gates are equipped with a stupa with access to the yard.

This architectural style of the temple combines the culture of Mon and India that has similarities with the Pathothamya temple in the 11th century. Theravada Buddhism was adopted by the King translated through the temple media, a unique iconographic depiction and presented in symmetrically simulated layouts.

Mon's architecture plays a significant role in Burma, but Ananda Temple gains influence from Indian architecture. Archaeologists say the architect Ananda is an Indian for everything in this temple from Shikara, the basement, stone statues, corridors, and terracotta plaques.

The temple was built using bricks and plaster depicting iconographic images in stone and terracotta tiles with the primary purpose of educating people in the Theravada region and in accordance with the personal belief of King Kyanzittha as a unique identity in the monuments of the Pagan dynasty.

The structure of the temple is a simple corridor, the middle field is 53 meters (174 feet), and the veranda is 17 meters (57 feet). The superstructure has a height of 51 meters (167 feet) formed by a terrace. The total length of the temple from end to end is about 88 meters (290 feet).

The layout of the temple adopted a cross adopted for the temple and four terraces leading to the summit to end in a small pagoda and a crown as the top ornament found in almost all pagodas in Burma. The central part of the cube-shaped temple houses four large Buddha statues and stands 9.5 meters tall, plaques, stone images and paintings. Ananda Temple is the most pagoda in Old Bagan built by King Kyanzittha

Xvlor Ananda Temple is the most pagoda in Old Bagan built by King Kyanzittha

Location: Old Bagan, Mandalay Region, Myanmar

Routes and public transport: Flights to Nyaung U Airport.

Advice: The annual festival is held at Ananda Temple in Pyahto (December to January) where 1000 monks perform a continuous hymn of the scriptures for 72 hours. Thousands of people set up camps around the temple. On the morning of the full moon they offer a prize bowl to the monks.

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= City, airport name, IATA

Anqing, Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, AQGChizhou, Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport, JUHFuyang, Fuyang Xiguan Airport, FUGHefei, Hefei Xinqiao International Airport, HFEHuangshan, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, TXNWuhu/Xuancheng, Wuhu Xuancheng Airport
Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport, …

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