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Banteay Kdei

Banteay Kdei or Prasat Banteay Kdei or Citadel of Chambers or Citadel of Monks' cells are the ruins of the Buddhist temple complex in Angkor, Siem Reap District, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia, built by the Khmer Empire during the reign of Jayavarman VII in the 12th century in Bayon architectural styles, but less complex and smaller than the like.

Banteay Kdei has two wall structures and consists of two concentric galleries with towers and monasteries. Buddhist monastic complexes had been occupied by monks in various intervals for centuries until the 1960s and were damaged due to faulty construction and poor quality of sandstone.

Xvlor Banteay Kdei is Buddhist temple ruins built by King Jayavarman VII Banteay Kdei is Buddhist temple ruins built by King Jayavarman VII

Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara was the main god at the time and Banteay Kdei was built as a Buddhist monastic complex on the site of a 10th century temple built by Rajendravarman. Some small inscriptions claim the construction of this temple by Jayavarman VII with the main architect is Kavindrarimathana.

Sdok Kak Thom inscription describes the arrival of Jayavarman II to the area where the Khmer Empire from 802 to 1431 under Hindu belief until the end of the 12th century and later turned into Buddhism. Many Buddhist temples were built in the mid-12th century until the early 13th century including Banteay Kdei by Jayavarman VII.

Jayavarman VII reigned at the age of 55 after defeating Champa who had invaded Angkor and suffered destruction. Massive restoration is done and is called "Great Builder". After the Khmer administration receded for centuries, many temples were neglected and covered by plants.

The Banteay Kdei temple complex is enclosed in a space of 65 meters x 50 meters (213 ft x 164 ft) with three enclosures in a large wall of laterite stone measuring 700 meters x 300 meters (2,300 ft x 980 ft). Gopura facing east in the cross has Lokesvara decoration. The roof lays on a row of pillars built in the cross layout.

The four main pillars in the western pavilion are reinforced with temporary support from the laterite stone pillars. The temporary support system for roofs built on free-standing pillars is an indication of the design problems seen in temples built during this period. All the pillars have Buddha carvings but most have been damaged. Banteay Kdei is Buddhist temple ruins built by King Jayavarman VII

Xvlor Banteay Kdei is Buddhist temple ruins built by King Jayavarman VII

Location: Angkor, Siem Reap District, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Siem Reap International Airport at Siem Reap City.

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