Bhaktapur or the Place of devotees or Khwopa is the old city of Newa in the eastern corner of the Kathmandu Valley, in the richly decorated Bhaktapur District, Bagmati Zone, Nepal, despite much renovation due to the tragic 2015 earthquake. A city full of artwork wood, metal and stone where Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the best places to admire.

A large urban of three cities in the Kathmandu Valley and was the capital of Nepal during the majestic Malla Kingdom until the second half of the 15th century. The historical area is more isolated than the kingdoms of Kathmandu and Patan so Bhaktapur has a very different form of language.

Xvlor Bhaktapur is old city rich in art and culture in Kathmandu Valley Bhaktapur is old city rich in art and culture in Kathmandu Valley

Bhaktapur built in the 12th century lies in the old trade routes of Tibet and India as the main source of the economy. The remoteness at the time allowed the city to develop independently and in a different way from the other two cities of the Kathmandu Valley and the whole area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Khwopa is the ancient name of Bhaktapur which refers to the "Devotional City" or "Bhadgaon" or "Ancient Newari City" throughout the Kathmandu Valley. Khwopa actually refers to a mask worn by gods and goddesses and is very popular for various forms of mask dance based on the lives of various gods.

The city is home to traditional arts and architecture, historic monuments and crafts, magnificent windows, pottery and weaving industries, excellent temples, beautiful pools, rich local customs, culture, religions, festivals, musical mystics and so on . Bhaktapur is still an ancient city untouched and preserved.


Durbar Square (Layaku) is a square filled with pagoda and shikhara temples largely dedicated to Hindu gods and goddesses around the palace with 55 windows of brick and wood. Architecture and carvings all over the place have ancient Nepali art with golden statues perched on monoliths.

Nyatapola Temple is a five-storey pagoda built by King Bhupatindra Malla and dedicated to Siddha Laxmi as the goddess of Hindu prosperity. Bhairab Nath Temple is a pagoda dedicated to Lord Bhairab as the reincarnation of Shiva near the Nyatapola temple built by King Jagat Jyoti Malla and then renovated by King Bhupatindra Malla.

Dattatreya Temple is a three-story temple with statues of Hindu trinity is Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva built by King Yaksha Malla and opened to the public in 1486 after his death. Other temples are Changu Narayan, Ta Pukhu or Siddha Pokhari, and Kailashnath Mahadev Statue.


Bhaktapur is known as a city of festivals and celebrations. Bisket Jatra or Biska Jatra is a new year festival. Kumar Khasti or Sithi Nakha is cleaning the well and worshiping Naag with delicious food feast such as embers and chatamari. Gathamaga charya is burning fire to cast out demons.

Sa: Paaru or Gai Jatra is making high bamboo poles wrapped in cloth and an umbrella to carry around town to commemorate death. Gunla Panchadan is the holy month where the five Buddhas are taken to Taumadhi square with special musical instruments.

Pulu Kisi or Indra Jatra is a celebration of the legend of the son of Indra kidnapped and killed by the devil. Sithi Nakha is a stretcher with a picture of Bhagwati being carried in a colorful procession through the square. Dhanya Purnima or Yomari Purnima is worshiping the Goddess Grains for good rice harvest and party after all the hard work.

Maghe sankranti or Ghya-chaku sankranti or Makar Sankranti is a celebration of the turn of the season with butter, molasses and sweet potato parties. Shree Panchami is visiting Sashwo as a lucky day where Mahamanjushree is guarded. Bhaktapur is old city rich in art and culture in Kathmandu Valley

Xvlor Bhaktapur is old city rich in art and culture in Kathmandu Valley

Location: Bhaktapur City, Bhaktapur District, Bagmati Zone, Province No. 3, Nepal.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu City, then take a bus or taxi to Bhaktapur City for 13 kilometers (8 miles).

Advice: Bhaktapur can be a good alternative to staying overnight where the tranquil streets, unique atmosphere, close to the international airport, and on the road connecting Kathmandu and Kodari (China border). Some accommodation is include Nyatapola Guesthouse, Shiva Guest House 1 & 2, Pagoda Guesthouse & Cafe, Golden Gate Guest House, Bhaktapur Guest House, Peacock Guest House, and A Boutique Hotel