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Hell's Gate National Park

Hell's Gate National Park is a conservation area south of Lake Naivasha where a narrow gap between the cliffs that once became a tributary of a prehistoric lake that gave the lives of early humans in Rift Valley Province, Kenya. Hell's Gate is a nature reserve area and cultural presences include Fischer's Tower, Central Tower, and Hell's Gate Gorge.

Hell's Gate National Park was declared in 1984 known for its volcanic activities and impressive scenery. The park is at 1,900 meters (6,200 feet) and has an area of 68.25 sq kilometers (26 sq mi) which is small by African standards.

Xvlor Hell's Gate National Park is narrow gap and volcanic in Rift Valley Hell's Gate National Park is narrow gap and volcanic in Rift Valley

Olkaria and Hobley's are two extinct volcanoes leaving an obsidian of cold liquid lava. Hell's Gate is Hells Gate Gorge where the red cliffs containing two volcanic peaks are Fischer's Tower and Central Tower. Outside the Central Tower is a small ravine that stretches south and the path down to the hot springs where hot rocks and sulfur water appear.

The area features three campsites and the Maasai Cultural Center to provide an experience of Maasai culture. In the early 1900s Mount Longonot erupted and ash watered Hell's Gate. Olkaria Geothermal Station was built in 1981 as the first in Africa. Two geothermal stations added in 2000 were Olkaria II and Olkaria III.

Wildlife in the national park includes east African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita), African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus) and East African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus). Hell's Gate is historically an important home for the rare bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus). Over 103 species of birds in the park, including vulture, verreaux's eagle (Aquila verreauxii) and augur buzzard (Buteo augur).

Hyrax (Hyracoidea), cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), zebra (Equus), common eland (Taurotragus oryx), hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), Thomson's gazelle (Eudorcas thomsonii), hyena (Hyaenidae). This park is also home to serval (Leptailurus serval), klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) and Chanler's mountain reedbuck.

Location: Rift Valley Province, Kenya.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Naivasha Airport in Naivasha City, then drive to the park for 18 kilometers (11mi). Another alternative flight to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi City, then drive to the park for 90 kilometers (56 miles). Hell's Gate National Park is narrow gap and volcanic in Rift Valley

Xvlor Hell's Gate National Park is narrow gap and volcanic in Rift Valley

Advice: June to February is the best time. This park is popular because it is close to Nairobi. Hiking, biking, motorbike and camping inside the park are allowed. Boating on Lake Naivasha and visiting the Maasai Cultural Center.

Rock climbing is only recommended for experienced climbers. The easy and famous climb is Fischer's Tower. You will need equipment and a guide to climb in the pre-arranged park at the hotel.

Bike from Elsa Gate to the Hell's Gate Gorge through the 7 kilometer trail as the best option to watch some animals, Longonot volcano and Lake Naivasha. The whole series is 14 kilometers. Several shops, restaurants and other businesses in Elsa Gate to store your backpacks while touring the park.

The park is equipped with three basic campsites, safe camping in the garden although there is no weapon or fence between you and the wildlife. Several huts around Lake Naivasha for water sports, bird scenery and walk along Crescent Island, Crater Lake, and Longonot Mountain.

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