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Kakadu National Park

Kakadu National Park is a 19,804 sq kilometer (7.646 sq mi) protected area in a layout extending nearly 200 kilometers from north to south and over 100 kilometers east to west within the Alligator River Region in the Northern Territory of Australia or 150 kilometers southeast of Darwin.

Aborigines have occupied the Kakadu region continuously for at least 40,000 years and the park has more than 5,000 Aboriginal art sites for thousands of years. About half of the land in Kakadu is Aboriginal land under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 and leased to the Director of National Parks.

Xvlor Kakadu National Park is tropical forest and Aboriginal rock painting sites Kakadu National Park is tropical forest and Aboriginal rock painting sites

The Indonesians are claimed to be the first non-Aboriginal explorers on the north coast of Australia. The people of Makassar and other parts of the Indonesian archipelago travel to Australia every rainy season to buy sea cucumbers, turtle shells, pearls and other valuables. The Dutch explorer Jan Carstenszoon in 1623 traveled to the Gulf of Carpentaria.

The tropics south of the Equator give the dry season from May to September marked by winter and rainy season in January to April which is characterized by warm temperatures. But Aboriginal Bininj or Mungguy people identified six seasons in the Kakadu region.


Kakadu includes the Arnhem Land plateau and escarpment complex, the lowlands, the southern hills and basins, the floodplains and the tidal flats. Most were under the shallow sea about 140 million years ago with cliff walls formed from sea cliffs and Arnhem Land from flat plains over the sea.

The steep slope is 330 meters high above the plateau and extends 500 kilometers along the eastern edge of the park and continues into Arnhem Land. The cliffs vary from nearby vertical cliffs in the Jim Jim Falls area and steep cliffs in the North. Chasms and gorges form a network that divides the rocky platforms in the highlands.

The rivers have carved the canyon where the monsoon forest is growing. These areas form a microclimate for plants and animals and often serve as a shelter during the dry season. During the rainy season, water descends from Arnhem Land and makes rivers flood.

Kakadu Beach is under the influence of ebb and flow that stretches about 100 kilometers to the mainland. Estuary and tidal plains vary from drought to rainy season. The dominant habitat is the mangrove swamp and the samphire flat.


Kakadu National Park is one of the richest in northern Australia with over 1700 species of plants composed of geological diversity, landforms and the park's habitat. Kakadu is also considered one of the best weed free national parks in the world.

Important plants include Barringtonia actuangula (Freshwater Mangrove), Allosyncarpia ternata (An-binik), Banksia dentata (Tropical Banksia), Brachychiton paradoxus (Red-flowered Kurrajong), Buchanania obovata (Green Plum), Calytrix exstipulata (Anbarndarr), Cochlospermum fraseri (Kapok), Curcuma australasica (Native Ginger).

Erythrophleum chlorostachys (Cooktown Ironwood), Eucalyptus miniata (Darwin Woollybutt), Ficus virens (Banyan). Grevillea pteridifolia (Fern-leafed Grevillea), Hibiscus tiliaceus (Beach hibiscus), Livistona humilis (Sand Palm), Melaleuca argentea (Silver-leafed Paperbark), Nelumbo nucifera (Red Lily).

Nymphaea violacea (Blue Lily), Pandanus aquaticus (Water Pandanus), Pandanus basedowii (Sandstone Pandanus), Pandanus spiralis (Spiral Pandanus), Pityrodia jamesii, Sorghum spp. (Spear Grass), Terminalia ferdinandiana (Billy Goat Plum) and Utricularia fulva (Yellow bladderwort).


Over 74 species of mammals include dingo (Canis lupus dingo), antilopine kangaroo (Macropus antilopinus), black wallaroo (Macropus bernardus), agile wallaby (Macropus agilis), short-eared rock-wallaby (Petrogale brachyotis), northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus), brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa), northern brown bandicoot (Isoodon macrourus), Djintamoonga (Mesembriomys gouldii), black flying fox (Pteropus alecto) and dugong (Dugong dugon).


The Kakadu habitat is home to more than 280 species of birds or a third of Australia's bird species, including ouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae), red goshawk (Erythrotriorchis radiatus), partridge pigeon (Geophaps smithii), chestnut-backed buttonquail (Turnix castanotus), hooded parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis), rainbow pitta (Pitta iris), varied lorikeet (Psitteuteles versicolor).

Northern rosella (Platycercus venustus), silver-crowned friarbird (Philemon argenticeps), white-gaped honeyeater (Stomiopera unicolor), yellow-tinted honeyeater (Ptilotula flavescens), white-lined honeyeater (Meliphaga albilineata), bar-breasted honeyeater (Ramsayornis fasciatus), banded honeyeater (Cissomela pectoralis), sandstone shrikethrush (Colluricincla woodwardi).

White-browed robin (Poecilodryas superciliosa), canary white-eye or yellow white-eye (Zosterops luteus), masked finch (Poephila personata), long-tailed finch (Poephila acuticauda), magpie goose (Anseranas semipalmata), wandering whistling duck (Dendrocygna arcuata), green pygmy goose (Nettapus pulchellus), comb-crested jacana (Irediparra gallinacea), black-necked stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus).

Australian pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus), little black cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris), Australasian darter (Anhinga novaehollandiae), nankeen night heron (Nycticorax caledonicus), pied heron (Egretta picata), black bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis), sarus crane (Antigone antigone) and brolga (Antigone rubicunda).

Reptiles, frogs, fish and insects

Over 117 species of reptiles include goanna (Varanus), frilled-necked lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii), eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis), Acanthophis, freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstonii), and saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). More than 25 species of frogs including cane toad (Rhinella merianae), more than 53 species of fish, and more than 10,000 species of insects.

Aboriginal rock art sites

The Ubirr, Burrunguy and Nanguluwur sites are recognized as outstanding examples of Aboriginal rock art. These sites are in rocky outcrops that have provided shelter for Aboriginal people for thousands of years. Stone painting has a theme about hunting. religion, stories, and magic.

Ubirr is a group of rock outcrops in the northeast of the park where several large rock cliffs serve as excellent shelter for Aboriginal people for thousands of years. The animals depicted in the main galleries include barramundi, catfish, mullet, goanna, snake-necked turtle, pig nose turtle, ringtail posstail, wallaby and Tasmanian tiger.

Burrunguy is located in a remote formation of Arnhem Land Escarpment where a huge rock outcrop is connected by paths and stairs. Some impressive stone paintings related to ancestors. Nanguluwur is a small art site featuring hand stencils, figures that carry boomerang, and mythical figures. Kakadu National Park is tropical forest and Aboriginal rock painting sites

Xvlor Kakadu National Park is tropical forest and Aboriginal rock painting sites

Location: Northern Territory, Australia.

Routes and public transport: Flight to Darwin International Airport in Darwin City, then drive to Kakadu National Park for 150 kilometers for 3 hours. The Bowali Visitor Center in Jabiru Town is 250 kilometers from Darwin.

Advice: The dry season from May to October is a great time to visit Gunlom Falls, Twin Falls, and Jim Jim Falls. Tropical summer from November to April is a green landscape, spectacular floods, and lightning storms. Fishing is a popular activity. Aboriginal rock art in Australia includes the Nourlangie and Ubirr sites.

The city of Jabiru has several accommodation options, service stations, police, medical clinics, shopping centers with various outlets and small airports to rent flights. Inside the park has four main hubs and each offers hotels, cabins, campsites, campervan or caravans.

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Anqing, Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, AQGChizhou, Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport, JUHFuyang, Fuyang Xiguan Airport, FUGHefei, Hefei Xinqiao International Airport, HFEHuangshan, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, TXNWuhu/Xuancheng, Wuhu Xuancheng Airport
Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport, …

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