Lalitpur or Patan

Lalitpur or Patan or Yala or Manigal is a big city in the Kathmandu Valley on the south side of the Bagmati River which is rich in cultural heritage in the arts and crafts tradition dubbed the city of festivals and parties. The city is the oldest of the two other iconic old towns in the Kathmandu Valley are Kathmandu and Bhaktapur which all three are famous as the city of art, sculptures of metal and stone.

Lalitpur has an area of 15.43 sq kilometers and currently has a population of 226,728 people founded in the 3rd century BC by the Kirat Dynasty and later expanded by the Licchavis Kingdom in the 6th century and later expanded the Malla Dynasty during the medieval period. In 1768, Lalitpur was annexed to the Kingdom of Gorkha by Prithvi Narayan Shah without any battles.

Xvlor Lalitpur or Patan is old city in Kathmandu Valley like an open-air museum Lalitpur or Patan is old city in Kathmandu Valley like an open-air museum

In 1357, Lalitpur was attacked by Islamic jihadists who destroyed several temples. The city was originally designed in the layout of Buddhist Dharma-Chakra (Wheel of Righteousness) where four thurs or Mounds around Patan with one at each corner of the cardinal point known as Asoka Stupas. Over 1,200 Buddhist monuments of various shapes and sizes are scattered in and around the city.

Patan Durbar Square is the city's most important monument registered by UNESCO as one of the seven Monument Zones that make up the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site. The seven zones of the monument were included in the World Heritage List in 1979 as an integrated site.

The zone of the monument is declared protected and preserved according to the Monuments Preservation Act of 1956. The Square was heavily damaged by the earthquake of April 25, 2015. Waterways, rock spouts, Jaladroni or water tanks, artistic gates, Hindu temples and Vihar Buddhas adorn every corner of the city.

The cultural heritage built includes a royal palace with intricately carved doors and windows with a beautiful courtyard adorned with icons that enhance the beauty of the city. Such works of art are found in stone, metal, terracotta tusks and other objects. All the artifacts show the artistic excellence of the craftsmen and the whole city looks like an open museum.

Lalitpur has produced the highest number of famous artists and the best craftsmen ever recorded in Nepal's art history. The city preserves the culture of craftwork even in the face of rapid urbanization and a lot of social and political turmoil.

Location: Lalitpur, Lalitpur District, Bagmati Zone, Province No. 3, Nepal.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu City, then drive to Patan City Center at Lalitpur for 7 kilometers.

Advice: In every May held a chariot festival to honor the god of Bunga Dyah Jatra. This is the longest and most important religious celebration in Patan. The festival is held for a whole month and Rato Machhendanath is stationed on a high carriage and passes through the streets of the city gradually. Lalitpur or Patan is old city in Kathmandu Valley like an open-air museum

Xvlor Lalitpur or Patan is old city in Kathmandu Valley like an open-air museum

Much of Nepali art is devoted to gods and there are many temples and monasteries. The great spots include Patan Durbar Square is the palace square and Malla Dynasty dwelling which is now a museum. Patan Dhoka is one of the historic gateways to the old city.

Bhaskerdev Samskarita Hiranyabarna Mahavihara is a Buddhist temple known locally as the Golden Temple. Mahabouddha Temple or 1000 Buddha Temple has a resemblance to the Mahabodhi temple in Bodh Gaya. The Kumbheshwar Temple is a Shiva temple with two ponds.

Banglamukhi is a temple as one of the ten in Hinduism. Ratnakar Mahavihar or Ha Baha is the official viziara and residence of Kumari from Patan. Krishna Mandir is one of the most beautiful stone temples in Nepal and was built by King Siddhinarsingh Malla in the 16th century.

Pim bahal Pokhari is a large pool centered around the lakeshore pavilion. On the north side is a three-story Chandeswari Temple built in 1663. Park Gallery is an artist-run space set up in 1970.