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Meenakshi Amman Temple

Meenakshi Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple or Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple is a Hindu shrine on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in Madurai City, Tamil Nadu, India, dedicated to Meenakshi as the reincarnation of Parvati and Sundareswar as the reincarnation of Shiva referring to the 6th century, although most of the structure was rebuilt after the 14th century and was renovated in the 17th century by Thirumalai Nayak.

Meenakshi Temple is one of hundreds of Hindu sites in India targeted by vandalism, terrorism and bleeding by Islamic jihadists. At the beginning of the 14th century, the army of Islam led by Commander Malik Kafur looted and destroyed the historic city of Madurai and other South Indians.

Xvlor Meenakshi Amman Temple is sacred Hindu dedicated to Parvati and Shiva Meenakshi Amman Temple is sacred Hindu dedicated to Parvati and Shiva

Contemporary temples are the result of a rebuilding effort started by the Vijayanagara Empire that rebuilds the core and reopens the temple. In the 16th century, the temple complex was further expanded and continued by Nayak Vishwanatha Nayakar and others.

The restored complex now has 14 gopurams high up to 60 meters (170 feet). The Meenakshi complex has many sculptured pillars such as Ayirakkal (1,000 pillars), Kilikoondu-mandapam, Golu-mandapam and Pudu-mandapam. The temples are dedicated to Hindu deities and Shaivism with vimanas over garbhagriha Meenakshi and Sundaresvara gilded.

The temple is a major pilgrim destination in the Shaivism tradition dedicated to Meenakshi Devi and Shiva. It also includes Vishnu, Lakshmi, Krishna, Rukmini, Brahma, Saraswati, Veda and other Puranic. The Vijayanagara Empire revived the Hindu tradition in Madurai in the 16th century after it was destroyed by Islamic jihad forces.


The temple complex is the center of the old city of Madurai which includes monuments inside the concentric, each layer reinforced with a high stone wall. The outer wall has four towering gates, so the worshipers and pilgrims enter the compound through the four quarters.

King Vishwantha Nayaka rebuilds the temple and the city of Madurai. The city plan is based on the concentric box with the temple as the center of the city and the streets radiating out like lotus and petals. The temple complex is spread over an area of 14 hectares and has many sacred and mandapas. Two parallel shrines in the deepest courtyard for Meenakshi and others for Sundareshvara.

The gold sacred lotus pond for bathing the pilgrims, a thousand pillars engraved with vast sculptures, kalyana mandapa or wedding hall, many small temples for Hindu gods and scientists from academia, schools and administrative offices, elephant warehouses, storage warehouses used for procession periodic and some gardens.

Each gopurams is a terraced structure, covered with sculptures painted in bright colors. Outboard gopur is a high pyramidal tower that serves as a sign for the visiting pilgrims, while the inner gopurams are smaller and serve as the entrance to various shrines. The highest Gopuram has 9 floors.

Location: Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Madurai Airport in Madurai City. Meenakshi Temple is located in the heart of Madurai, about 1 kilometer south of the River Vaigai and about 460 kilometers (290 miles) southwest of Chennai. The complex is well connected with the road network, the main railway junction with daily service. Meenakshi Amman Temple is sacred Hindu dedicated to Parvati and Shiva

Xvlor Meenakshi Amman Temple is sacred Hindu dedicated to Parvati and Shiva

Advice: Meenakshi Amman Temple is an active Hindu temple. Priests perform rituals daily and during festivals. Various processions are carried out periodically. This temple has a calendar pooja 6 times each day, each consisting of four rituals are abhisheka, alangaram, neivethanam and deepa aradanai.

The Hindus generally surround the holy place clockwise before entering the temple for darshana. Meenakshi is usually visited before Sundareswarar by the pilgrims. Friday in July-August and January-February is celebrated by thousands of devotees.

The Avani Moola Utsavam Festival is usually held in June-July for 10 days for Sundareswarar depicting various Thiruvilayadal meaning Shiva's sacred games. The Meenakshi Thirukalyanam Festival is held for 12 days which usually falls around April. Other festivals are Vasantham, Unjal, Start-Kottu, Aavani Moolam Aavani, Kolattam, Arudhra Dharsan and others.

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List of airports in China

China is generally a land country where almost all areas have connected transportation systems, but air transport is the best choice for travel efficiency, except for travelers who seek adventure along the rivers, ferry to reach several small islands and overland journeys.

Airports are spread over many where they have two types of services. International airport to serve international and domestic routes, while domestic airports only serve inter-regional routes in the country. Below is a list of active public airports in China. This list may increase considering that many new airports are still under construction or reduced due to many relocation plans.

= City, airport name, IATA

Anqing, Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, AQGChizhou, Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport, JUHFuyang, Fuyang Xiguan Airport, FUGHefei, Hefei Xinqiao International Airport, HFEHuangshan, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, TXNWuhu/Xuancheng, Wuhu Xuancheng Airport
Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport, …

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This beach consists of two parts where the first part of the east is the white sandy beach and many pandanus plants around it, while the second part to the west is a steep hill rock that directly borders the sea and has great views of the island or a large rock offshore.

The island gets its name as Long Rock or Long Island…

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Odzala-Kokoua is managed by the African Parks in collaboration with the Ministry of Forest Economy, Sustainable Development and Environment of the Republic of the Congo in 2010. The park has retained the old rainforests and terrain that vary from 350 meters (1,150 feet) to forest bushy and lots of glade. The area also includes dry forests, savannahs and rainforest ecosystems.

Odzala National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Africa has been neglected for many years and suffered heavy poaching. The poaching of ivory and bushmeat remains a constant threat. African Parks began to organize in 2010 and…