Nairobi National Park

Nairobi National Park is a conservation area located 7 kilometers (4 miles) south of central Nairobi, the state capital, which was established in 1946 as the first national park in Kenya. The park has an electric fence separating the park's wildlife from the big city where panoramic views of a vast assortment of large and diverse wildlife populations that have the background of the skyscrapers of Nairobi.

Nairobi National Park has an area of 117.21 sq kilometers (45.26 sq mi) or is relatively small for African size and is very close to civilization where herbivorous migrations gather in the park during the dry season. The park is the most successful rhino shelter in Kenya and one of the parks where visitors watch the black rhino in its native habitat.

Xvlor Nairobi National Park is protected wildlife among the skyscrapers Nairobi National Park is protected wildlife among the skyscrapers

The park has a height between 1,533 (5,030 ft) to 1,760 meters (5,774 ft) and a dry climate. The electric fence is the northern, eastern and western boundary, while the southern boundary is formed by the Mbagathi River which is open to the Kitengela Conservation Area and the Athi-Kapiti plateau where large movement of large ungulate species crosses this boundary.


The colonists arrived at the end of the 19th century and watched the eastern and southern plains of Nairobi have abundant wild life. The Maasai lived and drove cattle among the wild, the Kikuyu farmed on the wooded plains above Nairobi. The city grew 14,000 inhabitants in 1910 and conflicts between humans and animals increased.

The townspeople carry weapons at night to prevent lions' ambush. People complain of giraffes and zebras destroying crops. The colonial government set the area as a game reserve. Hunting is not allowed in the reserve, but livestock grazing, waste disposal, and even bombing by the Royal Air Force are permitted.

Nairobi National Park was declared in 1946 as the first national park established in Kenya and the Maasai pastoralists were moved. In 1989 Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi burned twelve tons of ivory from poaching on a site inside the park. This event enhances the image of the conservation and protection of the Kenyan wildlife.


The main neighborhood of the park is the open grass plain with the Acacia bushes. The western highlands of the park have dry forests with Olea africana, Croton dichogamus, Brachylaena hutchinsii, and Calodendrum. The lower slopes are the meadow covering Themeda, cypress, Digitaria, Cynodon and Acacia xanthophloea.

Forest along the river permanently south of the park with deep rocky canyons and gorges that have Acacia, Euphorbia candelabrum, Apodytes dimidiata, Canthium schimperiana, Elaeodendron buchananii, Ficus eriocarpa, Aspilia mossambicensis, Rhus natalensis, Newtonia, Euphorbia brevitorta, Drimia calcarata, and Murdannia clarkeana.

Wildlife species include Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), baboon (Papio), Eastern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli), gazelle (Gazella), Grant's zebra (Equus quagga boehmi), East African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), Coke's hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus cokii), and hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius).

African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus), East African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita), common eland (Taurotragus oryx), impala (Aepyceros melampus), Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi), common ostrich (Struthio camelus), vulture and waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus).

A small dam built along the Mbagathi River gives the park more water resources than the area outside the park. High diversity of bird species with more than 500 permanent and migratory species. Dams have created man-made habitats for birds and aquatic species. Nairobi National Park is protected wildlife among the skyscrapers

Xvlor Nairobi National Park is protected wildlife among the skyscrapers

Location: Nairobi County, Kenya.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi City.

Advice: January-March is hot and dry, April-June is hot and wet, and July-October is very warm and wet. During the dry season a large herd of animals from the surrounding area leads to a permanent pond and moves into the park.