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Namib Naukluft National Park

Namib-Naukluft National Park is a conservation for the Namib Desert as the world's oldest desert and the declared Naukluft mountain range in 1907 with a total area of 49,768 sq kilometers (19,216 sq mi) in the west-central part of Namibia as Africa's largest national park and the fourth largest in world.

Namib-Naukluft National Park has a surprising number of living things in the hyper-arid region, including snakes, geckos, extraordinary insects, hyenas (Hyaenidae), gemsboks (Oryx gazella) and jackals (Canis). Life harnesses from water vapor brought by the wind as a mist from the Atlantic Ocean rather than rain.

Xvlor Namib-Naukluft National Park is orange wilderness of 49,768 sq km Namib-Naukluft National Park is orange wilderness of 49,768 sq km

Wind also creates towering orange dunes that burn and evolve over time where iron in the sand is oxidized like rusty metal. The older the dunes will have a lighter color. These dunes rise over 300 meters (1000 feet) above the desert floor as the highest sand dunes in the world. Dune 7 has a height of about 388 meters.

'Namib' means an open space where the German Colonial Administration of 1907 proclaimed the area between the Swakop River and the Kuiseb River as a game sanctuary. Park boundaries are currently established in 1978 by the addition of Namib Desert Park, the Naukluft Mountain Zebra Park, the Diamond Area 1 and some other parts of the surrounding government land.


Sossusvlei or Sossus Vlei is a salt and clay pan surrounded by high red dunes as an endorphic drainage basin or a flowless drainage pool for the Tsauchab River ephemeral. Sossusvlei includes a larger area with homogeneous features.

The highest and more stable partial hill is partially covered with vegetation utilizing a number of underground rivers that flood the reservoirs seasonally to create vlei or local swamps. The pan looks white when dry where the salt concentration is high. Another water source is the daily morning mist that enters the desert from the Atlantic Ocean.

Most fauna are small animals, including arthropods, small reptiles, small mammals and ostriches. During the flood season, several species of migratory birds appear along the swamps and rivers. Most endemic to adapt to special features, including Namib Desert Beetle developed a technique to collect water from the morning mist through a bump in the back.

Swakop River

Swakop River or Tsoaxaub is the main river in the western part of Namibia and reaches the sea at the southern tip of Swakopmund city with a runoff of 40 million cubic meters per year, 460 kilometers long and has a catchment area of 30,100 sq kilometers. The flow of water comes from rain with a large amount of brown mud into the Atlantic Ocean.

Although irregular river flows, some farms in the Swakop River valley produce tomatoes, asparagus, and olives. Welwitschia mirabilis uses a mist floating from the ocean to get water. The Swakop River Valley has Ana Trees (Faidherbia albida), tamarisk (Tamarix), camel thorn (Acacia erioloba), Salvadora, various fig species, Euclea, tobacco (Nicotiana spp.), Jimsonweed (Datura) and mesquite (Prosopis spp.) invasive species.

Kuiseb River

The Kuiseb River flows from the Khomas plateau west of Windhoek to Walvis Bay as a perishable river with an average run-off of about 20 million cubic meters per year. The wind is blowing into the sand dunes to the north, but it is blocked by the river so that so much sand and sediment accumulates in the Quizeb reaching the sea when it is flooding.

Diamond Area 1

Diamond Area 1 or Sperrgebiet is a diamond mining area in the Namib Desert covering the beaches in the Atlantic Ocean from Oranjemund on the border with South Africa and a total of 26,000 sq kilometers (10,000 sq mi) that make up 3% of the Namibian mainland. However, mining accounts for only 5% of Sperrgebiet and most of the region acts as a buffer zone.

Sperrgebiet has a variety of flora and fauna because human intervention is very minimal in that area for 100 years where 40% is desert, 30% is grassland, and 30% rocky. Roter Kamm is a crater that has a diameter of 2.5 kilometers and the highest point of Sperrgebiet is 1488 meters.

The Orange River is the only permanent source of water, but plants covering 776 species with 234 species are endemic to southwestern Namibia. Sperrgebiet is the only hotspot of arid biodiversity and very special because it has more biodiversity than anywhere else in Namibia that supports gemsbok, springbok, brown hyena, and black-headed walnut. Namib-Naukluft National Park is orange wilderness of 49,768 sq km

Xvlor Namib-Naukluft National Park is orange wilderness of 49,768 sq km

Location: Namibia

Routes and public transport: Flights to Hosea Kutako International Airport in Windhoek City.

Advice: Visit the sand dunes during the morning where the temperature is not high, always bring water to drink, sunscreen cream and hat. Popular activities include Sossus on foot walking tours, trails in the Namib Naukluft, hot air balloon tours and the Naukluft 4x4 trail.

The Namib Desert has camping sites in Mirabib, the Kuiseb river bridge, Homeb, Kriess-se-Rus, Bloedkoppie, Vogelfederberg, Tinkas, and Ganab. Visitors must provide their own equipment, including water, food, and firewood.

Sesriem and Sossusvlei have 18 camping sites, both distances are 65 kilometers and 5 kilometers before entering Sossusvlei can only be reached using a 4x4 vehicle. Some local companies provide shuttle service from the parking area to Sossusvlei. Sesriem Canyon is 4 kilometers from Sesriem.

Naukluft mountain range has a camping site with communal facilities near the Naukluft River. Sandwich Harbor does not allow camping, open only sunrise and sunset, only 4x4 vehicles are allowed, entrance permits are available in Swakopmund, no fishing may be between 25 January and 15 April. Namib-Naukluft National Park is orange wilderness of 49,768 sq km

Accommodation in Naukluft included Bullsport, Capricorn Rest Camp dan Tsauchab Camp, Agama River Camp, Drifters Desert Lodge Namibrand, Sossus Oasis Camp Site, Sossus Dune Lodge, Sossusvlei Camp Site, Hoodia Desert Camp, Sossusvlei Lodge, Sossusvlei Wilderness Camp, Wolwedans.

NamibRand Family Hideout, Kulala Lodge, Namib Naukluft Lodge, Namibgrens Guest Farm, Zebra River Lodge, Kulala Tented Camp, Little Kulala Lodge, Le Mirage Sossusvlei River Camp, Betesda Rest Camp, Moon Mountain Lodge.

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