Skip to main content


Písac or Pisaq or Inca Pisac is an Inca ruins around the Vilcanota River in the Sacred Valley at an altitude of 3,352 meters (11,000 feet) in Pisac District, Calca Province, Cusco Region, Peru. Unknown Inca Písac was built, but apparently not inhabited by pre-Inca Empire civilization and most likely built no earlier than 1440.

Pisac has the completeness as a city that has agricultural areas, military territories, cemeteries, hundreds of terraced farms, water engineering and complex irrigation, warehouses, defense walls, guarded gates, religious and ceremonial areas with some of the finest Inca works.

Xvlor Písac is Inca city ruins built by Emperor Pachacuti in 1440 Písac is Inca city ruins built by Emperor Pachacuti in 1440

A theory says Emperor Pachacuti (1438-1472) established a number of royal estates to commemorate victories over other royal groups, among them Písac to commemorate victory over Cuyos. Another theory suggests Písac was built as a fortress to protect Cusco from possible attacks by Antis countries.

Pisac is probably best known for its ruins located on a hill at the entrance of the Sacred Valley. The ruins separated along the ridge into four complexes are P'isaqa, Inti Watana, Qalla Q'asa, and Kinchiraqay where each has a different function.

The complex includes the Temple of the Sun, bathtubs, altars, fountains, ceremonial platforms, volcanic outcrops carved into "pole halam for the Sun". The angle from the base shows the function to determine the change of seasons. Qalla Q'asa is built on top and overlooks a valley known as a fortress.

Inca built a farm terrace on a steep hillside and still used by local people until now. The Incas created a terrace with a richer topsoil from the lowlands. The terrace allows the production of excess food at an altitude of 11,000 feet.

Scientists say Pisac's structure serves military, religious, and agricultural functions. Písac is a Sacred Valley fortress in the south, while Choquequirao is the western entrance, and Ollantaytambo to the north. Inca Pisac controlled the route connecting the Inca empire with the forest border.


P'isaqa or Pisaqa is the main residential zone located just below the ceremonial area on a large circular ledge. To the north a semi-circular shape extends to the bottom of the valley. On the south side has a number of terraces, but has a steep falling end.

The Inti Watana or Intihuatana is a religious and ceremonial area as one of the best examples of Inca architecture where granite blocks are cut perfectly to build temples. At the center is Intihuatana as an important religious or astronomical tool for the Incas. A pillar of the sun indicates relevance to the winter solstice and the Inti Raymi festival.

Qalla Q'asa or Callacasa is a complex of about 30 buildings considered as residential areas, ceremonial centers, administrative centers, cemeteries, and farms. The building uses rough stone and water flows to every citizen. A 10-meter tunnel pierces the outcrop and serves as a defense. Písac is Inca city ruins built by Emperor Pachacuti in 1440

Xvlor Písac is Inca city ruins built by Emperor Pachacuti in 1440

Location: Pisac District, Calca Province, Cusco Region, Peru

Routes and public transport: Flights to Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco City, then drive to Pisac for 35 kilometers (22 miles) in 30 minutes. Buses, cars and motorbikes are available in Cusco.

Advice: The Písac town and the Písac ruins are two different places, yet quite close to each other. The town is in the Urubamba Valley, while the ruins are in a higher place. A great local market every Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday will give you a taste of Quechuan culture.

Xvlor Explore Papua



List of airports in China

China is generally a land country where almost all areas have connected transportation systems, but air transport is the best choice for travel efficiency, except for travelers who seek adventure along the rivers, ferry to reach several small islands and overland journeys.

Airports are spread over many where they have two types of services. International airport to serve international and domestic routes, while domestic airports only serve inter-regional routes in the country. Below is a list of active public airports in China. This list may increase considering that many new airports are still under construction or reduced due to many relocation plans.

= City, airport name, IATA

Anqing, Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, AQGChizhou, Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport, JUHFuyang, Fuyang Xiguan Airport, FUGHefei, Hefei Xinqiao International Airport, HFEHuangshan, Huangshan Tunxi International Airport, TXNWuhu/Xuancheng, Wuhu Xuancheng Airport
Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport, …

Timang Beach

Pantai Timang is coastal attraction forms the boundary between Java Island and Indian Ocean in Danggolo Sub-village, Purwodadi Village, Tepus District, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, as one of the beaches in Gunung Kidul which has white sand. The beach is in a secluded area between Siung Beach and Sundak Beach where a coral island becomes a lobster habitat.

Timang Beach traveled using vehicle from Wonosari City for about 32 kilometers where the motorcycle is the best mode to facilitate travel. This beach is flanked by beaches on the coast of Tepus where the west including Seruni, Pok Tunggal and Ngetun, while in the east are Jogan, Siung, and Nglambor.

This beach consists of two parts where the first part of the east is the white sandy beach and many pandanus plants around it, while the second part to the west is a steep hill rock that directly borders the sea and has great views of the island or a large rock offshore.

The island gets its name as Long Rock or Long Island…

Odzala-Kokoua National Park

Odzala-Kokoua National Park or Odzala National Park is a conservation area of 13,500 sq kilometers (5,200 sq mi) at the Cuvette-Ouest Department, Republic of the Congo, declared a protected area in 1935, biosphere reserves in 1977, and national parks in the year 2001 at. Odzala-Kokoua has more than 100 species of mammals and as one of the most diverse primate populations in Africa.

Odzala-Kokoua is managed by the African Parks in collaboration with the Ministry of Forest Economy, Sustainable Development and Environment of the Republic of the Congo in 2010. The park has retained the old rainforests and terrain that vary from 350 meters (1,150 feet) to forest bushy and lots of glade. The area also includes dry forests, savannahs and rainforest ecosystems.

Odzala National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Africa has been neglected for many years and suffered heavy poaching. The poaching of ivory and bushmeat remains a constant threat. African Parks began to organize in 2010 and…