Polonnaruwa or Puḷattipura or Polaṉṉaṟuvai or Puḷatti nakaram is a ruined city built by the Polonnaruwa Kingdom in Polonnaruwa District, North Central Province, Sri Lanka, after King Vijayabahu I (1055-1110) defeated Chola in 1070 to reunite the country under government local.

Polonnaruwa grew rapidly and reached a golden age under the rule of Parakramabahu I (1153-1186). Trade and agriculture thrive under the auspices of the king who strongly insist that no drop of water falling from the sky will be in vain and each will be used for the development of the land.

Xvlor Polonnaruwa is the ruins of city built by King Vijayabahu I

Xvlor.com Polonnaruwa is the ruins of city built by King Vijayabahu I

The irrigation system is far superior to the Anuradhapura era and to this day supplies the water needed for rice cultivation during the blistering dry seasons of modern Sri Lanka. The Parakrama Samudra or Parakrama irrigation system made the Polonnaruwa Kingdom completely independent during the reign of King Parakramabahu.

Polonnaruwa became weak under the reign of Nissankamalla I (1187-1196), more likely to choose the hard way of managing the people and also continue to form an alliance with a stronger South India. The marriage relationship has replaced the local royal lineage.

King Kalinga Magha of the Aryacakravarti dynasty in 1214 who founded the Jaffna Kingdom (1215-1624 AD) invaded Polonnaruwa. Local power turned to the Pandyan dynasty in 1284 and the capital was moved to Dambadeniya. The origin of Kalinga Magha is unknown, but is often referred to as Kalinga in the northern part of Andhra Pradesh.

Polonnaruwa had a well planned city plan, standing as a testimony of the discipline and greatness of the first ruler of the Kingdom. This ancient city is declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO. The ruins stand on the eastern edge of an artificial lake called Lake Topa Wewa or Parakrama Samudraya.

The palace and dozens of dagobas are built inside a rectangular city wall. A scattering of other historic buildings can be found north of the main complex, outside the city walls, and close to the main road to Habarana and Dambulla.

Samudraya Parakrama built by King Parakramabahu is the largest artificial fountain reservoir in Sri Lanka and a 2,500-hectare reservoir has a capacity of 134 million cubic meters of water. The ancient city of Polonnaruwa covering an area of 122 hectares extends to 5 kilometers from north to south and 3 kilometers from east to west.

The monuments found in the Polonnaruwa compkes include Statue of King Parakramabahu, Palace of King Parakramabahu, Potgul Vehera, Shiva Devale, Thuparama, Vatadage, Nissanka Lata Mandapaya, Sathmahal Prasada, Hatadage and Atadage, Gal Potha or Stone Book, Pabalu Vehera, Rankoth Vehera, Lankatilaka, Kiri Vehera and Gal Viharaya.

www.Xvlor.com Polonnaruwa is the ruins of city built by King Vijayabahu I

Xvlor Polonnaruwa is the ruins of city built by King Vijayabahu I

Location: Polonnaruwa District, North Central Province, Sri Lanka.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Bandaranaike International Airport in Colombo City, then drive to Polonnaruwa for 216 kilometers (134 miles) for 5-6 hours including rest, meals and shopping. The second option is to use a train and a third option using a bus for 6-8 hours.

Advice: The monkeys have lived in ruins after the city was abandoned by humans. A modern small town near Polonnaruwa which has several hotels, glossy shops, and a place to meet everyday needs.

Polonnaruwa is the second largest city in North Central Province and is known for being one of the cleanest, beautiful, green, and ancient rugged quarters. Bikes are the best way to get around. Still possible to walk, because there is a lot of shade around the monument, but not efficient for 6-10 kilometers.

Several guesthouses along Batticaloa. price nego and WI-FI including New Ariyasinhala, Orchid, Darshani, Manel, Hotel Seruwa, Polonnaruwa Resthouse, The Royal Lotus Hotel, Thisal Guesthouse, and Lagassa lodge.