Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmāthā National Park or Sagaramāthā rāṣṭriya nikuñja or Mount Everest National Park is a conservation area in the Himalayas in Solukhumbu District, Province No.1, Nepal, covering an area of 1,148 sq kilometers (443 sq mi), ranging from 2,845 meters (9,334 feet) to 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) at the summit of Mount Everest and extending to the Dudh Kosi river in the south.

Sagarmatha National Park was declared in 1976 and in 1979 became the first national park in Nepal to be written as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The 275 sq kilometer (106 sq mi) buffer zone was added in January 2002. Conservation prioritizes forests, wildlife and culture, then conservation of other natural resources and alternative energy development.

Xvlor Sagarmatha National Park is the highest natural conservation on earth Sagarmatha National Park is the highest natural conservation on earth

Approximately 3500 Sherpas live in villages and seasonal settlements along the national park. The tourist center at the top of a hill at Namche Bazaar is guarded by the Nepali Army and the south entrance of the park a few hundred meters north of Monzo at 2,835 meters (9,301 ft) in one day's journey from Lukla.

This park is a water catchment over the rivers Dudh Kosi, Bhotekoshi and Lake Gokyo which is dominated by steep plains and canyons in the Himalayas. Mount Everest (8,848 meters or 29,029 ft) becomes the highest peak, then Mount Lhotse (8,516 m or 27,940 ft), Cho Oyu (8,188 m or 26,864 ft), Nuptse (7,861 m or 25,791 ft), Pumori (7,161 m or 23,494 ft ), Amadablam (6,812 m or 22,349 ft), and Thamserku (6,608 m or 21,680 ft).

Dry land above 5,000 meters (16,000 feet) fills 69% of parks, while grazing land is 28%, and forests by 3%. The region includes the temperate zone of the woods, the subalpine zone above 3,000 meters (9,800 feet), the alpine zone above 4,000 meters (13,000 feet) as the upper limit of vegetation growth, and the nival zone starts at 5,000 meters (16,000 feet).

The lower forested zone houses birch, juniper, pine blue, fir, bamboo and rhododendron. Above the vegetation zone consists of shrubs and moss as the altitude increases. Plants stop growing at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft) as a permanent snow line in the Himalayas.

The Government of Nepal has declared a 275 sq kilometer (106 sq mi) buffer zone around the park in 2002 with the aim of reducing biotic stresses on slow-growing vegetation. The government has also made provisions to take 30% to 50% of revenues the park receives for community development activities in buffer zones. Sagarmatha National Park is the highest natural conservation on earth

Xvlor Sagarmatha National Park is the highest natural conservation on earth

Location: Solukhumbu District, Province No.1, Nepal.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Tenzing-Hillary Airport in Lukla, then a 2-day trekking. Other alternative flights to Phaplu Airport and 5 day trekking, flight to Tumlingtar Airport and 10 day treekking, and by bus from Kathmandu to Jiri and trekking10 days.

Official site:

Contact: Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation
PO Box: 860, Kathmandu Nepal Fax: 977-01-4227675
0977-1-4227926, 4220850
[email protected]

Advice: The popular trekking from Namche to Kala Pathar is very popular. The Gokyo Lake and Chukung valleys also provide spectacular scenery. The Thame Valley is popular for the Sherpa culture, while Phortse is famous for its wild landscape. There are some high feeds that are worth crossing. However, the trekker must have appropriate guides and tools for travel.