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Saint Basil's Cathedral

Saint Basil's Cathedral or the Cathedral of Vasil the Blessed or Trinity Church or Trinity Cathedral is a church on the Red Square in Moscow, Russia, built on the orders of Tsar Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1555-1561 and commemorating the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. The building is now a museum and is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat.

Saint Basil's Cathedral contains eight churches above the tomb of the noble local saint Vasily (Basil). The building is shaped like a campfire flame as a design that has no parallel in Russian architecture and marks the climax of Russia's national architecture in the 17th century.

Xvlor Saint Basil's Cathedral is church built by Ivan the Terrible in 1555-1561

Xvlor.com Saint Basil's Cathedral is church built by Ivan the Terrible in 1555-1561

Architecture

Tsar Ivan IV marks every victory of the Russo-Kazan War by setting up a wooden funeral church next to the wall of the Trinity Church and in 1555 ordering the construction of a new stone cathedral. The placement of a church outside the Kremlin's walls is a political statement that supports ordinary people and against hereditary nobles.

The Church has no contemporary analogy, tradition of Moscow and Byzantium in general and is called the "climax" of Russian vernacular wood architecture. The Church incorporates layered designs from the earliest part (1505-08) of Ivan the Great Bell Tower, Church of Ascension in Kolomenskoye (1530s), and a cylindrical form of the Church of Beheading of John the Baptist at Dyakovo (1547).

The basics use white stone as the tradition in medieval Moscow, while the walls use red bricks (28 x 14 x 8 cm) as well as decorative media inside and outside and allow as many open bricks as possible. The church obtained bright colors from the 1680s to 1848.

The Russians adopted colors in the 17th century to be brighter where the icons and mural arts experienced explosive growth in the amount of paints, dyes and combinations. Walls combine naked red brick and white paint. The dome is covered with lead to create a combination of white, red and gold.

1583-1596

The dome of the Saint Basil Sanctuary serves as a point of reference in evaluating the quality of stonemasonry and further engineering of Moscow. As one of the first dome representing the engineering craft that reached the top of the decade later in the Trinity church in Khoroshovo.

1680-1683

The nine churches retain the early architecture, but additions to the ground floor arcades and first floor platforms. The ground floor arcade has a new space that accommodates the altar. The wood is on the first floor and the stairs are rebuilt using rocks to create the gallery.

The old bronze was dismantled and the first decorative mural appeared in the period beginning with the flower ornament inside the new gallery. The tower retains the original brick pattern. In 1683, the church was adorned with yellow and blue tiled cornices displaying the church's written history in Ancient Slavic typeface.

1737-1784

In 1737 the church was damaged by a great fire and later restored by Ivan Michurin with some changes in many places.

1800-1848

The French troops who occupied Moscow in 1812 and used the church for stables and looted something worth taking, but failed to blow it away. The interior was repaired in 1813 and exterior in 1816.

1890-1914

In 1908 the church received an air heater system of the east and north. In 1913 it was equipped with a pump water heating system that served the whole church.

www.xvlor.com Saint Basil's Cathedral is church built by Ivan the Terrible in 1555-1561

Xvlor Saint Basil's Cathedral is church built by Ivan the Terrible in 1555-1561

Location: Red Square, Moscow, Russia.

Routes and public transport: Vnukovo International Airport (28 kilometres southwest of the centre of Moscow), Sheremetyevo International Airport (29 km northwest of central Moscow), Zhukovsky International Airport (36 km southeast of central Moscow) and Domodedovo International Airport (42 kilometres south-southeast from the centre of Moscow).

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