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Tsavo National Parks

Tsavo National Parks is a conservation area of 22,812 sq kilometers in Coast Province, Kenya, and is managed by Kenya Wildlife Service as one of the largest national parks in the world. This park consists of two parts separated by the Nairobi-Mombasa rail line is Tsavo West National Park area of 9,065 sq kilometer and Tsavo East National Park covering 13,747 sq kilometers.

Tsavo National Parks was declared in April 1948 as one of Kenya's oldest national parks located in southeastern Kenya. The park is very unique and consists of two parts separated only by railroads where Tsavo West National Park is west of the railway and Tsavo East National Park east of the railroad tracks.

Xvlor Tsavo National Parks is one of the largest conservation in the world Tsavo National Parks is one of the largest conservation in the world


Several archaeological sites of the Early Stone Age and the Middle Stone Age were found in the Galana River at 6,000 to 1,300 years ago. Residents hunt wild animals, fishing and pet raising. Human settlements in Tsavo focused on riparian areas and stone houses.

Swahili merchants buy ivory, cat skin, and slaves since at least 700 AD, but there is no evidence to "colonize" Swahili directly in Tsavo. Trade goods such as seashells and beads have been found from archaeological sites from the early Swahili period.

British and German explorers entered Tsavo in the 19th century and generally regarded them as enemies of their interests. Britain began to colonize the interior of Kenya and built the Uganda Railway and a bridge through a bridge in 1898. A pair of lions at least killed 28 Indian and African workers.

Tsavo remained a homeland for the pastoralists of Orma and Maasai as well as Waata hunter-gatherers until 1948. They were transferred to Voi and Mtito Andei when Tsavo was confirmed as a national park. Hunting was banned in the park after Kenya's independence in 1963.

Tsavo West National Park includes mountains and hills to climb, savanna bushes and desert shrubs, acacia forest, palm shrubs, rivers and the calm Jipe Kudu Lake. Wildlife safari is the best way to see Kenya's wildlife in its natural environment.

Tsavo West National Park has a variety of wildlife, including eastern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus), East African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita), bushbaby (Galago), hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) and Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi).


The rivers of Athi and Tsavo gather and form the Galana River. Most of the park consists of semi-arid meadows and savannas as one of the world's great biodiversity bastions and is popular with a large number of diverse wildlife that can be seen, including the famous 'big five' consisting of lions, black rhino, buffalo, elephants and leopards.

The park is also home to a wide variety of bird life such as black kite, herded crown, lovebird and holy ibis. Tsavo East is generally flat with dry plains where the Galana River flows. Other features include Yatta Plateau and Lugard Falls.

Tsavo East National Park is one of the world's largest game reserves that provides wilderness for abundant numbers of animals. At least 675 lions live in the Amboseli-Tsavo ecosystem. Animals at Tsavo East Park include Tsavo East Park includes aardwolf, yellow baboon, bat, Cape buffalo, bushbaby, bushbuck.

Caracal, African wildcat, Tanzanian cheetah, African civet, dik-dik, African hunting dog, African dormouse, blue duiker, bush duiker, red duiker, eland, elephant, bat-eared fox, greater galago, gazelle, large-spotted genet, small-spotted genet, gerenuk, giraffe, African hare, springhare, Coke's hartebeest, hunter hartebeest, East African hedgehog, spotted hyena, striped hyena, rock hyrax, tree hyrax.

Impala, black-backed jackal, side-striped jackal, klipspringer, lesser kudu, leopard, lion, banded mongoose, dwarf mongoose, Egyptian mongoose, marsh mongoose, slender mongoose, white-tailed mongoose, black faced vervet monkey, Sykes' monkey, fringe-eared oryx, clawless otter, ground pangolin

Crested porcupine, cane rat, giant rat, naked mole rat, ratel, bohor reedbuck, black rhinoceros, serval, spectacled elephant shrew, bush squirrel, East African red squirrel, striped ground squirrel, unstriped ground squirrel, suni, warthog, waterbuck, common zebra and Grevy's zebra. Tsavo National Parks is one of the largest conservation in the world

Xvlor Tsavo National Parks is one of the largest conservation in the world

Location: Coast Province, Kenya

Routes and public transport: Flight to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport at Nairobi City or Moi International Airport at Mombasa City.

Advice: Tsavo West National Park is just a few degrees south of the equator. The temperature remains the same throughout the year at 27-31C (81-88F) during the day and 22-24C (72-75F) at night. High humidity in December to April. The rainy season is March to May. The rain is shorter in October to December.

January to February and June to September is a good time to visit Tsavo. Visits during the monsoon rains in March to May make the roads very muddy. The best month for migrating birdwatchers is October to January.

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