Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya

Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya (The Smoke that Thunders) is a sheet of water falling from cliffs on the Zambezi River on the Zambia and Zimbabwe border that has a width of 1,708 meters (5,604 feet) and a height of 108 meters (354 feet) as a waterfall the world's largest. Victoria Falls has twice the height of Niagara Falls in North America and is only rivaled by Iguazu Falls in Argentina and Brazil.

Victoria Falls was first popularized by Scottish explorer David Livingstone who visited one of the two islands in the middle of a river on November 16, 1855 and is now known as Livingstone Island. The name Victoria is given by Livingstone in honor of Queen Victoria of England, but the name Mosi-oa-Tunya remains in general use.

Xvlor Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world

Victoria Falls being a small conservation area in two countries is Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park in Zambia and Victoria Falls National Park in Zimbabwe. The Zambezi River flows over a basalt layer in a shallow valley bounded by low and long dunes.

The river path is filled with many tree-covered islands. There are no mountains, steep cliffs or valleys, just flat that stretches hundreds of kilometers. The river has 39 species of fish under waterfalls and 89 species above a waterfall that illustrate the effectiveness of waterfalls as a barrier between Zambezi upper and lower.


Waterfalls are formed when the river degenerates vertically into a transverse gorge 1708 meters (5604 feet) wide and carved by waters along the fracture zone on the basal plains. Two large islands at the summit divide the water curtain even during floods. Boaruka Island or Cataract Island on the west bank and Livingstone Island in the center. The extra islands divide the water curtain into separate parallel streams.

The Upper Zambezi River experiences rainy season from late November to early April where the annual flood season is February to May with peak in April. The spray from the waterfall usually rises to an altitude of more than 400 meters (1,300 feet) and sometimes up to 800 meters (2,600 feet). Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world

Xvlor Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world

The spray is visible at a distance of 48 kilometers (30 miles). The flood season provides a spectacular spectacle where the moonbow appears in the spray on the full moon instead of the usual daytime rainbow. Walking along the cliff is in a constant shower and shrouded in mist.


During the dry season, the islands of the top become wider and more numerous. In September to January only half of the rocky surface becomes dry and the bottom of the First Gorge can be seen. At this point it becomes possible, though not always safe, to walk across several stretch of river at the top. Also walk to the bottom of the First Gorge in the Zimbabwe region.

The entire volume flows through the first 120ft exit of The First Gorge at a distance of about 150 meters (500 feet), then enters a series of tortuous canyons. The water entering the Second Gorge makes a sharp right turn and has carved a deep pool called the Boiling Pot. The objects that are swept in the waterfalls, including hippos, crocodiles and humans are often found circling in Boiling Pot or stranded at the northeastern end of the Second Gorge.

Victoria Falls has six gorges: First Gorge (250 m south of falls, 2.15 km long), Third Gorge (600 m south, 1.95 km long), Fourth Gorge (1.15 km south, 2.25 km long), Fifth Gorge (2.55 km south, 3.2 km long) and Songwe Gorge (5.3 km south, 3.3 km long).

Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park

Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park is a conservation of Victoria Falls on the Zambia side and has an area of 66 sq kilometers (25 sq mi) of Songwe Gorge under a waterfall in the north-western arc about 20 kilometers from the shores of the Zambian river.

The park comes from the southwestern boundary of the city of Livingstone and has two main sections, each with a separate entrance is a wildlife park at its northwest end and a land adjacent to Victoria Falls. The park extends downstream from waterfalls and to the southeast along the Batoka Gorge covering tall riverine forest with palm trees, miombo forest (Brachystegia) and grasslands with many birds.

Animals include Angolan giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis), Burchell's zebra (Equus quagga burchellii), common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus). Sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), common eland (Taurotragus oryx) and African buffalo (Syncerus caffer),

Impala (Aepyceros melampus), Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) imported from South Africa, African elephant (Loxodonta), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus), vervet monkeys, and baboon. Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world

The rainforest on a cliff opposite East Cataract lives by a spray from a waterfall and has rare plants such as mahogany pod, ebony, ivory palm, wild date palm, lianas and numerous creeps. The statue of David Livingstone was set up in the park in November 2005.

The Knife-Edge Bridge was built in the 1960s to allow walking access to the cliffs looking over the Rainbow Falls and First Gorge exits to the Boiling Pot in Second Gorge. Peak of the canyon is a good place to see clipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), otter (Lutrav) and 35 species of birds including taita falcon (Falco fasciinucha), black eagle (Ictinaetus malaiensis), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), and augur buzzard (Buteo augur).

Victoria Falls National Park

Victoria Falls National Park on the Zimbabwean side to protect the southern and eastern banks of the lower Zambezi River in the Victoria Falls region. The park runs along the Zambezi River from the larger Zambezi National Park about 6 kilometers above the waterfall up to about 12 kilometers beneath the waterfall.

Rainforests are grown in waterfall sprays, including fern (Polypodiopsida), arecaceae (Areca), mahogany, and lianas. Animals include African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), common eland (Taurotragus oryx), antelope and Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus).

Location: Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport at Livingstone Town in Zambia or Victoria Falls Airport at Victoria Falls Town in Zimbabwe.

Xvlor Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is largest waterfall in the world

Advice: Travelers are required to take malaria prevention measures. Waterfalls can be accessed cheaply by bus and train. Both countries allow tourists to travel day-trips across the border to watch waterfalls from both points of view.

Devil's Pool is formed naturally at the edge of the waterfall on Livingstone Island on the Zambian side. When the river flow is at a certain level, usually between September and December, the rock barrier forms an eddy with a minimum current that allows the swimmers to adventure a few meters from the point of the waterfall.

Travelers with single-entry visa are required to purchase visa at both border posts every time they cross the border. Fees vary from US$50 to US$80 (January 2017). Foreign tourists can purchase a US$50 KAZA visa which will allow them to travel in both countries for up to 30 days.