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Andringitra National Park

Andringitra National Park or Parc National Andringitra is a 31,160 hectares (77,000 acres) granite outcrop in Haute Matsiatra Region, Madagascar, established in 1999 and managed by the Madagascar National Parks Association as part of Rainforests of the Atsinanana and home to a variety of rare lemur species.

Explorers in the early 20th century and in 1927 reported Andringitra as a remarkable mountain. During the early 1990s, the Malagasy Environmental Action Plan took over the environmental agenda and in 1999 the area was designated a national park. In 2007 the park became part of Atsinanana World Heritage Site.

Xvlor Andringitra National Park

Xvlor.com Andringitra National Park

Andringitra National Park covers most of the granite towering above the Andringitra mountain plains. The area has a height varying from 700 meters (2,300 feet) to the top of Imarivolanitra or Pic Boby at 2,658 meters (8,720 feet). Average annual rainfall is 1,500-2,500 millimeters (59-98 inches) and snowfall in recent years where the lowest temperature is -8C (18F) has been recorded here.

The park is dried by several rivers including Ampanasana, Iantara, Menarahaka and Zomandao. The three traditional groups living in the park are the Bara people in the south and west who raise cattle in the pastures and in the valleys, while Bara Haronga in the east grows rice, and Betsileo develops an irrigation system on the north side.

Biodiversity

Andringitra National Park is one of the most biologically diverse places in Madagascar with many endemic species. The massive east side is covered with damp forests, moist meadows and shrubs in higher areas. More than 1,000 plant species, more than 100 species of birds and 55 species of frogs.

More than 50 species of mammals include 13 species of diurnal and nocturnal lemurs. Andringitra's ring-tailed lemur population has thicker feathers than other island populations. Morphology may be an adaptation to a colder climate in the Andringitra highlands.

Lemurs

Species of lemur diural are ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), southern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur meridionalis), golden bamboo lemur (Hapalemur aureus), greater bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus), common brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus), red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), red-bellied lemur (Eulemur rubriventer) and Milne-Edwards' sifaka (Propithecus edwardsi).

While lemur nocturnal species are the brown mouse lemur (Microcebus rufus), the larger dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus major), the small-toothed sportive lemur (Lepilemur microdon), Peyrieras' woolly lemur (Avahi peyrierasi) and aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis).

www.xvlor.com Andringitra National Park

Xvlor Andringitra National Park

Location: Haute Matsiatra Region, Madagascar.

Routes and public transport: Flight to Fianarantsoa Airport in Fianarantsoa City, then drive to Ambalavao City for 54 kilometers, then to Andringitra National Park for 47 kilometers.

Advice: Tsara Camp is a campsite facility located in the Tsaranoro Valley at the foot of the magnificant Tsaranoro Massif, near one of the Andringitra National Park entrance points. The camp site has 15 tents, each equipped with two single or one double bed, chairs and table. Connected with each tent is a private bathroom with shower and toilet.



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