Bulguksa

Bulguksa is the head temple of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism and includes seven National South Korean treasures including the Dabotap and Seokgatap stone pagodas, Cheongun-gyo (Blue Cloud Bridge), and two gilt-bronze statues of Buddha in Jinheon-dong, Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea, considered the work of the golden age of Buddhist art in the Silla Kingdom.

The Bulguksa Temple contains the earliest woodblock prints in the world and a version of the Dharani Silk dated between 704 and 751 found there in 1966. The Buddhist text is printed on a roll of mulberry paper measuring 8x630 cm (3.1x248.0 in). The records state a small temple built under King Beopheung in 528.

Xvlor Bulguksa

Xvlor.com Bulguksa

Samguk Yusa records the temple that is currently seen built under King Gyeongdeok in 751 which was started by Prime Minister Kim Daeseong to placate the spirits of his parents. The building was completed in 774 and renovated during the early Goryeo Dynasty and Joseon Dynasty. The wooden buildings were burned during the Imjin war.

Bulguksa's reconstruction and expansion began in 1604, then about 40 other renovations up to 1805. A partial restoration was made in 1966 after World War II and the Korean War. A vast archaeological investigation and major restoration took place from 1969 to 1973 on the orders of President Park Chung Hee. The famous stone structure is preserved from the original Silla construction.

Structure

The entrance to the temple is Sokgyemun which has two sections of stairs and a bridge that leads to the inside of the temple complex. The stairs are 33 steps high according to the 33 steps towards enlightenment. The bottom is Cheongungyo (Blue Cloud Bridge) has a length of 6.3 meters and 17 steps. The top is Baegungyo (White Cloud Bridge) has a length of 5.4 meters and 16 steps.

Seokgatap Pagoda has a height of 8.2 meters from traditional Korean-style stone with simple lines, minimal detail and more than 13 century old. Dabotap Pagoda has a height of 10.4 meters is dedicated to Buddha and many ornaments. Daeungjeon or Hall of Great Enlightenment is the main hall to capture Sakyamuni Buddha and was first built in 681 where Dabotap and Seokgatap are located in front.

Behind the main hall is the Museoljeon or Hall of No Words from the belief that Buddhism can not be taught in words alone. It is one of the oldest buildings in the complex and probably first built in 670.

Gwaneumjeon keeps a picture of Avalokitesvara, Bodhisattva of Perfect Compassion, and lies at its highest point. Birojeon or Vairocana Buddha Hall is located below, while Geuknakjeon or Hall of Supreme Bliss overshadow the gold-bronze Buddha.

www.xvlor.com Bulguksa

Xvlor Bulguksa

Location: Jinheon-dong, Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Ulsan Airport in Ulsan City, then use the bus from the airport to Jinheon-dong. Alternative flights to Pohang Airport in Pohang City, then use the airport bus to Jinheon-dong.



SEE ALSO
» South Korea
» List of Heritage Sites

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