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Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is a large wildlife conservation area across the border between Botswana and South Africa declared as Gemsbok National Park in Botswana and Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa. The park is 38,000 sq kilometers (15,000 square miles) of which about three quarters are located in Botswana and a quarter in South Africa.

Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is located in the southern Kalahari Desert comprised of red sand dunes, rare vegetation, occasional trees, and dry rivers including the Nossob River and Auob River, but water runs underground and provides life for grass and Acacia tree.

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In June 1992, representatives from the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of Botswana and the South African National Parks formed a joint management committee to manage the area as a single ecological unit. The parties agree to cooperate and share in the park entrance fee.

On 7 April 1999, Botswana and South Africa signed a bilateral agreement in which the two countries administered Gemsbok National Park in Botswana and Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa as a single unit with no physical barrier to allow free movement of animals.

In October 2002, the governments of Botswana and South Africa set aside 580 sq kilometers (224 sq mi) for the Khomani San and Mier communities. It is divided between San Heritage Land area of 277.69 sq kilometers and Mier Heritage Land area of 301,34 sq kilometers which provides funding for the community for the special purpose of building !Xaus Lodge.

Abundant and diverse fauna including Southern African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita), South African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus), hyenas (Hyaenidae), wildebeests (Connochaetes), springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), common eland (Taurotragus oryx), hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) and more than 200 species of birds including secretary bird (Sagittarius serpentarius).

Location: Botswana and South Africa

Routes and public transport: Botswana Gate: Flight to Sir Seretse Khama International Airport in Gaborone City, then drive to Tsabong for 550 kilometers. An alternative route is to travel from Gaborone City to Hukuntsi for 565 kilometers.

South African Gate: Flights to Upington Airport in Upington Town, then drive to the park for 250 kilometers.

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Advice: You're free to explore the entire park, regardless of which country you're in as long as you're out at the same gate you're into, you do not even have to carry a passport. Traveling after dark is not allowed, you must comply with the gate time (7am-6pm) in the park and may be penalized when arriving late in the camp.

Weather in Kalahari can reach extremes. In January daytime temperatures are often over 40C (104F) and nights are below freezing. No roads in the park are paved. A 4x4 vehicle is required that all roads in the park have gravel surfaces and sometimes severe waves.

Inside the park has luxury lodges and traditional tourist lodges including amenities such as air conditioning, shops and swimming pool. There are also six campsite wilderness in the park. Desert camps provide shelter, but visitors must provide their own food, drinking water and firewood.



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