Limpopo National Park

Limpopo National Park or Parque Nacional do Limpopo is a conservation area of 11,233 sq kilometers in Gaza Province, Mozambique, as part of 35,000 sq kilometers Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The park is divided into three separate uses are tourism zones, wilderness zones and resource utilization zones.

Limpopo National Park is politically divided into three areas: the Chicualacuala District of 6,400 sq km (2,500 sq mi), the Massingir District covering an area of 2,100 sq km (810 sq mi), and the Mabalane District of 1,500 sq km (580 sq mi). In the south is Massingir Dam and Massingir Town as the new park administration headquarters, while on the north and east border is Limpopo River.

Xvlor Limpopo National Park in Gaza, Mozambique Limpopo National Park in Gaza, Mozambique

The Limpopo River flows eastward to the Indian Ocean, 1,750 kilometers (1,087 miles) long with a drainage basin of 415,000 sq kilometers (160,200 sq mi) as the second largest river in Africa after the Zambezi River that flows into the Indian Ocean. Massingir Dam at Massingir Town where the Shingwedzi River flows close to the northeast side of the reservoir.


Plants in the park include red bush-willow (Combretum apiculatum), marula trees (Sclerocarya caffra), red grass (Themeda triandra), buffalo grass (Panicum maximum), knob-thorn (Acacia nigrescens), leadwood (Combretum imberbe), marula (Sclerocarya caffra), mopane tree (Colophospermum mopane), and silver cluster-leaf (Terminalia sericea).


More than 517 species of birds include lappet-faced vulture or Nubian vulture (Torgos tracheliotos), martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus), saddle-billed stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis), kori bustard (Ardeotis kori), southern ground hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri; formerly known as Bucorvus cafer) and Pel's fishing owl (Scotopelia peli).


Mammals include south-central black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor), blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), Burchell's zebra (Equus quagga burchellii), imbabala (Tragelaphus sylvaticus), Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), common eland (Taurotragus oryx), African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), Cape giraffe (Giraffa giraffa giraffa).

Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), impala (Aepyceros melampus), Lichtenstein's hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus lichtensteinii), mountain reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula), lowland nyala (Tragelaphus angasii), roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger).

Common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum), cape wild dog (Lycaon pictus pictus), South African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus), Southern African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita) and spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta).

Reptiles and amphibians

Reptiles and amphibians in the park include black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis), African rock python (Python sebae), Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus), Zambesi shark (Carcharhinus leucas) and bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas). Limpopo National Park in Gaza, Mozambique

Xvlor Limpopo National Park in Gaza, Mozambique

Location: Gaza Province, Mozambique.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Maputo International Airport in Maputo City, then drive to Massingir Town for 328 kilometers. Alternate flights to Inhambane Airport in Inhambane City, then drive to Massingir Town for 478 kilometers.

Advice: The first tourism facilities opened in September 2005 include Machampane tented camps, Machampane wilderness trail, Shingwedzi 4x4 eco-trail, Aguia Pesqueira campsite, Massingir hiking trail and Campismo Albufeira. In early 2008, concessions were developed in Boala, Madonse and Massingir areas.