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Marojejy National Park

Marojejy National Park is a conservation area of 55,500 ha (214 sq mi) and centered on Marojejy Massif as a mountain chain with a peak of 2,132 meters (6,995 ft) in Sava Region, Madagascar, which was inaugurated as a national park in 1998 as part of Rainforests of the Atsinanana declared in 2007.

Marojejy National Park is located northeast of Madagascar which extends about 32 kilometers (20 miles) from east to west and 22 kilometers (14 miles) from north to south. The vast terrain and rugged topography create diverse habitats and transition quickly by altitude changes. Heavy rainforests in the lower areas, followed by shorter forests in higher areas, then cloud forest, and mountain bushes near the summit.

Xvlor Marojejy National Park

Xvlor.com Marojejy National Park

Topography

Marojejy National Park protects almost the entire massif at an altitude of 75 meters (246 feet) to 2,132 meters (6,995 feet) where peaks along irregular structures consisting of parallel or divergent rock climbing lines separated by steep slopes and various microclimates as one in the world where cloud-covered rainforests are rapidly transitioning into high mountain bushes.

Temperatures decrease by 1C every 200 meters, peak temperature drops to 1.5C every July, relative humidity is around 87% throughout the year and rises to 97% in March to April. Rain falls every month on the south side of the mountain, while the north side is more tropical with 6 months dry season.

The rocks at Marojejy National Park were once part of the Gondwana supercontent that broke out 160 million years ago to form the southern continent, but the Marojejy rocks formed more than 500 million years ago during Precambrian under the ancient mountains that have been completely eroded.

Landrock consists mainly of granite, gneiss, high-grade metamorphic rocks formed under high pressure. The highest heat and pressure melt the rock completely and crystallized at depth as granite, then quartz veins formed in cracks in the bedrock.

Flora

Vegetation of Marojejy National Park formed by various microclimates. More than 2,000 species of flowering plants (angiosperms) have been found in the park and at least four families are found at all elevations including Clusiaceae, Poaceae, Myrsinaceae and Elaeocarpaceae.

Lowland rainforest below 800 meters (2,600 feet) has a primary forest canopy with trees 25-35 meters (82-115 feet) tall and 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. More than 130 species of ferns, bamboo, longoza (Aframomum) and traveler's palm (Ravenala madagascariensis). Plant families are Sapotaceae, Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrsinaceae, Poaceae, Labiaceae, Acanthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Melastomataceae, and Balsaminaceae.

Moist montane rainforest between 800 meters (2,600 feet) to 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) has a canopy with trees as high as 18-25 m (59-82 feet), epiphytes, bushes, mosses and ferns. The family includes Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae, Arecaceae, Pandanaceae, and Burseraceae.

Sclerophyllous montane cloudforest at 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) to 1,800 meters (5,900 feet) has a canopy with trees as high as 10-15 meters (33-49 feet). Families include Lauraceae, Rubiaceae, Clusiaceae, and Araliaceae. At least 122 species of ferns and moss.

Montane scrubs above 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) have tundra on rocky ground, cold temperatures, windy, and low rainfall. Shrubs dominate, although terrestrial and bamboo orchids are also present. Dominant families are Poaceae, Ericaceae, Asteraceae, Balsaminaceae, Cunoniaceae, and Clusiaceae.

Fauna

The three iconic species are helmet vanga (Euryceros prevostii), silky sifaka or simpona (Propithecus candidus) and Madagascar serpent-eagle (Eutriorchis astur). Marojejy is home to 10 species of lemurs including nocturnal aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Other mammals include 15 species of tenrec, 7 species of native rodent, fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox), and Madagascar sucker-footed bat (Myzopoda aurita).

At least 148 species of reptiles and amphibians include naturelle leaf chameleon (Brookesia karchei), Chamaeleo peyrieresi, panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis), leaf-tailed geckos (Uroplatus), and many species of frogs. Invertebrates include large millipedes, spiders, and small leeches.

www.xvlor.com Marojejy National Park

Xvlor Marojejy National Park

Location: Sava Region, Madagascar.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Sambava Airport in Sambava City, then drive to Manantenina as the Park Visitor Center for 66 kilometers or to Andapa Town as a park headquarters for 106 kilometers.

Advice: Marojejy National Park is open all year round, but April to May and September to December as the best time to visit due to reduced rainfall. The park has three main camps in wooden bungalows inside the primary rainforest with kitchen and toilet facilities. All three have campsite for camping.

Payment of entry fees, facility rental, guides recruitment, chefs and porters are available at Manantenina and Andapa. The park has a single trail leading from the information center at Manantenina to the highest peak. The path to the rainforest is divided into three lanes and leads to each of the three main camps.

Camp Mantella at an altitude of 450 meters (1,480 ft) in the lowland rainforest, Camp Marojejia at an altitude of 775 meters (2,543 ft) in transition between lowland rain forest and mountains, while the Simpona Camp at 1,250 meters (4,100 ft) in the rain forest of the mountains. The Simpona Camp acts as a base camp for a trip to the summit which stretches 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) to 5 hours.



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