Patallacta

Patallacta is a ruin complex built by the Inca Empire in the Urubamba Valley, above the confluence of the Cusichaca River and the Vilcanotadi River at Mount Patallacta, Machupicchu District, Urubamba Province, Cusco Region, Peru, or southeast of the Machu Picchu site.

Patallacta was built pre-Emperor Manco Inca Yupanqui (1516-1544) as a temple and farm that houses a large number of shelters, including travelers and soldiers guarding the nearby "hill fortress" of Willkaraqay and a temple with round walls known as Pulpituyuq which has a function religious and ceremonial.

Xvlor Patallacta is ruin complex built by Inca Empire and destroyed by Manco

Xvlor.com Patallacta is ruin complex built by Inca Empire and destroyed by Manco

The complex was burned by Manco Inca Yupanqui and destroyed a number of settlements along the Inca system while retreating from Cusco in 1536 to prevent the Spanish pursuit. The colonial army ultimately never found the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu and other settlements.

Manco was the founder and king of Sapa Inca as an independent Neo-Inca in Vilcabamba, although initially under the control of the Inca Empire. After a ten-month siege of Cuzco by Spain, Manco retreated to the Ollantaytambo stronghold in 1537 and managed to defend the attacks by the Spaniards in the Battle of Ollantaytambo.

Patallacta was rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1912 in the Urubamba Valley on his way to find Machu Picchu where Herman Tucker reported about a hundred homes. Bingham had many difficulties in uncovering the ruins of lush vegetation. The Urubamba Valley is full of vipers and trees prevent a wider observation

The Thomson-Ziegler expedition in 2003 examined the site thoroughly. A high-ranking Inca official had ordered the construction of Patallacta and the place must have had contact with Machu Picchu in the northwest. On top of Patallacta there are several other important sites including Wayllapampa.

Location: Machupicchu District, Urubamba Province, Cusco Region. Peru.

www.xvlor.com Patallacta is ruin complex built by Inca Empire and destroyed by Manco

Xvlor Patallacta is ruin complex built by Inca Empire and destroyed by Manco

Routes and public transport: Flights to Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco City. This site is located 1.5 km (1 mi) from the start of the "Classic Inca Trail" which begins at Km 88.

Advice: The Patallacta site is often described as Llactapata (Llaqtapata). Patallacta and Llactapata are essentially unequal and confusion may occur. Patallacta is located near the 88 km mark near railway routes Cuzco and Aguas Calientes, while Llactapata is located on higher ground and is a smaller archaeological site.

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