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Grand Canyon National Park

Grand Canyon National Park is a conservation site covering 4,926.08 sq kilometers (1,217.262 acres; 1,901,972 sq mi; 492,608 ha) declared on February 26, 1919 to protect the Grand Canyon as a canyon in Coconino and Mohave counties, Arizona, United States. The steep cliffs are carved by the Colorado River where the Grand Canyon is 446 kilometers (277 miles) long, 29 kilometers (18 miles) wide and 1,857 meters (6,093 feet) deep.

Nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history when the Colorado River and its tributaries scraped the rock layers, while the Colorado Plateau lifted. Some studies argue the hypothesis that the Colorado River built the pathway 70 million years ago, while in other studies it pointed to 17 million years and another 6 million years.

Xvlor Grand Canyon National Park Grand Canyon National Park

The Colorado River has eroded the cliffs and deepens and extends the canyon. The area has been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years building settlements in canyons and many caves. Pueblo people regard the Grand Canyon as a holy place and make a pilgrimage to it.

The Grand Canyon is home to about 1,737 species of vascular plants, 167 species of fungi, 64 species of moss and 195 species of lichen. This variation is largely due to a 2,400 meter (8,000 ft) elevation from the Colorado River to the highest point in the North Circle. The Mojave desert in the western part of the canyon, the Sonoran Desert vegetation covering the east, while the ponderosa and pinyon pine forests grow on both rim.

Around 90 species of mammals live along the Colorado River corridor including 18 species of rodents and 22 bats. Great biological diversity can be attributed to the presence of five of the seven life zones and three of four desert types in North America. The differences in elevation and climate variation are the main factors that make up the various life zones around the canyon.

Location: Coconino and Mohave counties, Arizona, United States.

Routes and public transport: Grand Canyon National Park is accessible to several nearby airports including:
  • Grand Canyon National Park Airport di Tusayan town. 8 miles for 15 minute drive to the South Rim (Main Entrance).
  • Flagstaff Pulliam Airport di Flagstaff City. 81 miles for 1 hour 32 minutes drive to Grand Canyon South Rim (Main Entrance).
  • Ernest A. Love Field di Prescott City. 129 miles for 2 hours 25 minutes drive to the South Rim (Main Entrance).
  • Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport di Phoenix City. 231 miles for 3 hours 35 minutes drive from Phoenix to the South Rim (Main Entrance).
  • McCarran International Airport di Las Vegas City. 278 miles for 4 hours 27 minutes drive to the South Rim (Main Entrance).

South Rim

The South Rim is more accessible and most visitors arrive on Arizona State Route 64. The highway enters the park through South Entrance near Tusayan, Arizona, and heads eastwards. Interstate 40 provides access to the area from the south. The highest average temperature was 84F in July and the lowest was 18F in January.

Activities at the South Rim cater to the park's visitors. The South Rim Drive 35 miles (56 km) is a driving tour that is divided into two segments. Visit Hermit's Point with some scenery along the way, including Mohave Point, Hopi Point, Powell Memorial, and Desert View.

Walking tours include a Rim Trail that runs west from Pipe Creek's point of view for about 13 miles of paved roads, followed by 7 miles (11 km) unpaved to Hermit. Mather Point is a popular place to start.

Private canyon flyovers are provided by helicopters and small planes from Grand Canyon National Park Airport, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, and McCarran International Airport.

Lodging include Bright Angel Lodge, El Tovar Hotel, Kachina Lodge, Maswik Lodge, Thunderbird Lodge, and Yavapai Lodge. Camping includes Desert View Campground, Mather Campground, and Trailer Village. Meals and drinks include Arizona Room, Bright Angel Restaurant, El Tovar Hotel Dining Room, Bright Angel Bar, and Maswik Pizza Pub. Grand Canyon National Park

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North Rim

The North Rim has a smaller, more remote area with fewer tourist activities. It is accessed by Arizona State Route 67. The highest average temperature is 77F in July and the lowest is 16F in January. There are several roads, but several accessible points of the vehicle include Point Imperial, Roosevelt Point, and Cape Royal. Cape Royal. Mule rides are also available including several thousand feet down into the canyon.

Many visitors to North Rim choose to use various hiking trails including the Widforss Trail, Uncle Jim's Trail, the Transept Trail and the North Kaibab Trail which can be followed up to the Colorado River, and across to the South Kaibab Trail and Bright Angel Trail, up to the southern edge of the Grand Canyon.

The Toroweap Overlook is located in the western part of the park in North Rim. Access is via an unpaved road from Route 389 west of Fredonia, Arizona. Streets lead through the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument.

Lodging includes Grand Canyon Lodge and Jacob Lake Inn. Camping includes Jacob Lake Campground, and North Rim Campground. Meals and drinks include Grand Canyon Lodge Dining Room, Cafe On The Rim, Coffee Saloon, Jacob Lake Inn and Gift Shop, Grand Canyon Lodge Dining Room, Rough Rider Saloon and Jacob Lake Inn.

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