Potala Palace

The Potala Palace is a museum and former winter palace built by the 5th Dalai Lama in 1645 at an altitude of 3,700 meters (12,100 feet) in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. The palace is named after Mount Potalaka as the mythical place of the AvalokiteĊ›vara bodhisattva located between the Drepung monastery, the Sera monastery and Lhasa's ancient city lining the remains of a previous fortress called the White or Red Palace on a site built by Songtsen Gampo in 637.

The Potala Palace has a length of 400 meters east-west and 350 meters wide north-south with average sloping wall thickness of 3 meters to 5 meters and copper poured into the foundation to help avoid earthquakes. The building has 13 floors containing more than 1,000 rooms, 10,000 temples and 200,000 statues.

Xvlor Potala Palace

Xvlor.com Potala Palace

The palace drifts 117 meters (384 feet) above Marpo Ri or Red Hill and the building has a height of more than 300 meters above the valley floor. The three major hills of Lhasa are considered to represent the "Three Tibetan Protectors". Chokpori to the south of Potala is a mountain-soul (Wylie: bla ri) from Vajrapani, Pongwari of Manjusri, and Marpo Ri representing AvalokiteĊ›vara.

Structure

Potala contains two chapels in the northwest corner that preserve the parts of the original building built by Songtsen Gampo including Phakpa Lhakhang and Chogyel Drupuk is a hidden cave for meditation. Lozang Gyatso started the construction of the modern Potala Palace in 1645 and the external structure was built in 3 years, while the interior and furnishings took 45 years. Potrang Marpo or the Red Palace was added in 1690.

The Potala Palace has an oblique inner wall, straight lines from many windows, and flat roofs on many levels. At the base of the southern rock is a large space surrounded by walls and gates with a large foyer on the inside. A series of stairs are broken down by the climbing interval and lead to the top of the rock.

The center loomed in a large rectangular mass above the satellite until it reached a height that ended with a golden canopy. The Potala Center is called the "red palace" which distinguishes it from other structures. It contains the main hall, the last Dalai Lama's chapel and temple rich in decorative paintings, gems, carvings and other ornaments.

Location: Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Lhasa Gonggar Airport, Lhasa City.

Advice: The number of visitors is limited to 2,300 people per day with opening hours reduced to 6 hours daily to avoid overcrowding. Usually the quota will run out in the morning, you have to queue the tickets one day before. Purchase the entrance ticket includes ID card. Children under 1.30 meters are entitled to free tickets. Retirees get 30% discount.

www.xvlor.com Potala Palace

Xvlor Potala Palace

Entering Potala needs a security check including nail clippers and any gadgets should not be brought in. Visits to the roof of the building are forbidden to avoid further structural damage. All visits are limited to 1 hour and you are not allowed to stop anywhere in the palace

Visitors to Potala Palace must observe the Tibetan Buddhist customs including not wearing a hat, not stepping in the doorway and so on. All visits are limited to one hour. Potala has a height of 3750 meters which should pay attention to prevent altitude sickness. You can take medicine when you arrive in Tibet or feel the symptoms. Two types of drug products easily found in Tibet can be used freely



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