Skip to main content

Rani Ki Vav

Rani Ki Vav or Ran-ki vav or Queen's step well is an elaborate stepwell in the Maru-Gurjara complex architectural style with an upside-down temple and a seven-story staircase containing over 500 main statues built to commemorate the 11th-century King Bhimdev I in the banks of the Saraswati River in Patan, Patan District, Gujarat, India.

Rani Ki Vav is a typical form of stepwells as an underground water resource and storage system in the Indian subcontinent and has been commonly built since 2000s BC. This monument was built by the Queen Udayamati during the reign of the Chaulukya Dynasty and is generally assumed during Bhima I (r.1022-1064). The stepwell was then flooded by the nearby Saraswati River until the late 1980s.

Xvlor Rani Ki Vav Rani Ki Vav

The elaborate structure and beautiful art faces east with a length of 64 meters, a width of 20 meters and a depth of 27 meters. A gradual corridor at regular intervals consisting of a storied pavilion as a unique and luxurious feature. Archaeological Survey of India conducted excavations in the 1980s had cleared the submerged structure of mud.

Several rows of sculptured panels encircle the well as an excellent example of this design period. The well wall is constructed of brick and stone, the structure is not completely vertical to support different galleries of the right shaft and is deeply etched. Rani-Ki-Vav is a masterpiece among Indian wells.

The wells in Gujarat are not just sites for collecting water and socializing, but also holding great spiritual significance. Vavs of Gujarat is built quite simply, but becomes more complicated over the years, perhaps for the concept of water sanctity with the addition of carved stone gods.

The small gate below the last step is a 30 kilometer long cave leading to the town of Sidhpur near Patan, but is currently blocked by rocks and mud. This tunnel is used as an exit for the king to escape when faced defeat.

Most of the statues are dedicated to Vishnu in the form of Dus-Avatars Kalki, Rama, Krishna, Narsinh, Vaman, Varahi and others that represent their comeback to the world. Its Nagka is a beautiful Yogini woman where Apsara displays in 16 different styles to look more interesting called Solah-shringar.

Visitors enter Rani Ki Vav as if the temple is upside down where one step down the various water levels. The steps begin at the ground level, guiding through the cool air through several pillared pavilions to reach the deep well below. More than 800 intricate statues among seven galleries.

The central theme is the Dasavataras or the ten incarnations of Vishnu including the Buddha. The avatars are accompanied by sadhu, Brahman, and angels as heavenly dancers who paint their lips and adorn themselves. Sheshashayi-Vishnu carvings at the water level where it rests on the thousand-hooded serpent Shesha. Rani Ki Vav

Xvlor Rani Ki Vav

Location: Patan, Patan District, Gujarat, India.

Routes and public transport: Flights to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport in Ahmedabad City, then use the intercity bus to Patan for 3.5 hours.

Advice: Rani Ki Vav is open every 8 am to 6 pm where the ticket for foreign visitors is US$2.

» India
» List of Heritage Sites
Xvlor Explore Papua



Asmat Cultural Festival

Asmat Cultural Festival is an annual event for the legendary carving of Asmat Tribe held at Yos Sudarso Square in Agats City, Asmat Regency, Papua Province, Indionesia. Cultural festivals include woodcarving exhibitions and auctions presented by hundreds of artisans and artists who will showcase their outstanding skills in sculpting, weaving, boating, various dances and traditional music performances.

Located in Papua Province, the Asmat community is well known for its rituals and natural talents to make carvings on wood without any sketches. These high-value fine carvings are connected with ancestral spirits in a very distinctive style that has been the concern of anthropologists and fills in the auction events, exhibitions and museums of the world.

The Asmat population is divided into those who live on the coast and those who live in the interior of the rainforest. These two populations differ from one another in terms of dialect, way of life, social structure and ritual. The coasta…

Lower Zambezi National Park

The Lower Zambezi National Park is a conservation area of 4,092 sq kilometers across with 120 kilometers along the northern edge of the Zambezi River in Lusaka Province, Zambia, declared in 1983 which was previously a private game reserve of the Zambian president. The park sits on the Zambezi floodplain and one of the few remaining wilderness areas in Africa.

The park has a sloping gentle topography from the Zambezi Escarpment to the Zambezi River with two major forest prairier ecoregions that are distinguished by two dominant tree species. The Miombo Forest (Brachystegia) in the higher ground in the north and and the Mopane Forest (Colophospermum mopane) on the lower slopes of the south are interspersed with white acacia (Faidherbia albida).


The Lower Zambezi Valley includes the Lower Zambezi National Park and Game Management Areas (GMA's) around it are rich in biodiversity. The banks of the river are flood plains mostly diasporus, ficus and other river species. Forests, wet…

El Paraíso

El Paraíso is a site of mysterious ruins built in the Late Preceramic or Cotton Preceramic period (3500-1800 BCE) or an aceramic site of 0.58 sq kilometers in Chillon River Valley, San Martín de Porres District, Lima Province, Peru . The area was once occupied briefly by a group of cultures for at least 300 to 400 years and the estimated population is 1500 and 3000 people.

The ruins of the Andean Preceramic stone structure have long been a debate among archaeologists calling the Late Preceramic period, while Fréderic Engel (1957) refers to Cotton Preceramic. Pozorski and Pozorski (2008) argue El Paraíso is an "aceramic" site because at that time many other areas have ceramics.

The purpose of the site is also still mysterious given the lack of sediment, the presence of burial or grave areas, and the construction of thick walls consisting of rocks dug in local hills which confirm the theory that the site is not a residential or domestic complex. The evidence precisely promotes…